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Grant number like: FA-52614-06

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FA-52614-06Research Programs: Fellowships for University TeachersAjay Kumar MehrotraLaw, Politics, and the Making of the Modern American Fiscal State9/1/2006 - 5/31/2007$40,000.00AjayKumarMehrotra   Trustees of Indiana UniversityBloomingtonIN47405-7000USA2005Law and JurisprudenceFellowships for University TeachersResearch Programs400000400000

At the turn of the 20th century, the U.S. system of public finance underwent a dramatic transformation. The late 19th century system of indirect taxes, associated mainly with the tariff, was eclipsed in the early decades of the 20th century by a progressive income tax. My project examines how and why this transformation was possible. In contrast to conventional accounts, which generally explain the rise of the income tax as simply a structural-functionalist response to the growing revenue demands of the public sector, or as a conservative ruse to forestall more radical calls for wealth redistribution, I contend that the income tax had its sources in social concerns about justice, fairness and the equitable distribution of fiscal burdens.