Search Criteria


Key Word Search by:

Organization Type

State or Jurisdiction

Congressional District


Division or Office

Grants to:

Date Range Start

Date Range End

  • Special Searches

    Product Type

    Media Coverage Type


Search Results

Grant number like: FT-260316-18

Permalink for this Search

Page size:
 1 items in 1 pages
Award Number Grant ProgramAward RecipientProject TitleAward PeriodApproved Award Total
Page size:
 1 items in 1 pages
FT-260316-18Research Programs: Summer StipendsAmy K. AndersonWindows to Heaven: The Rhetorical Legacy of Byzantine Icons6/1/2018 - 7/31/2018$6,000.00AmyK.Anderson   West Chester University of PennsylvaniaWest ChesterPA19383-0001USA2018Composition and RhetoricSummer StipendsResearch Programs6000060000

Research and writing of a book on visual rhetoric and the status of icons in the 8th- and 9th-century Eastern Orthodox Church.

During the eighth and ninth centuries, the Byzantine Empire was rocked by an economic, religious, and political conflict known as Byzantine Iconoclasm. At the center of the conflict was the question of whether or not images could convey spiritual teachings in the Eastern Orthodox Christian church. The debate was settled in 843 when images were decreed equal to texts in their ability to convey religious ideas. Byzantine Iconoclasm is unique because, unlike Western Protestant-motivated iconoclasms, iconophile theology went beyond religious arguments and instead theorized the properties of texts and images. Despite Byzantine Iconoclasm’s rich insights into modality, the debate has gone largely unstudied by Western rhetoric scholars. The monograph Windows to Heaven: The Rhetorical Legacy of Byzantine Icons corrects this oversight by reframing the Iconoclasm debate as a discussion about multimodality and asking what Byzantine religious icons reveal about contemporary ways of seeing.