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Grant number like: FT-265205-19

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Award Number Grant ProgramAward RecipientProject TitleAward PeriodApproved Award Total
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FT-265205-19Research Programs: Summer StipendsS. Deborah KangUndocumented European Immigrants in the United States, 1906-19866/24/2019 - 8/24/2019$6,000.00S.DeborahKang   California State University San Marcos CorporationSan MarcosCA92096-0001USA2019Immigration HistorySummer StipendsResearch Programs6000060000

A book-length study about undocumented European immigration to the United States and the laws and policies that were designed to legalize their status, 1906-1986.

Pathways to Citizenship: Undocumented European Immigrants in the United States, 1906-1986 offers one of the first histories of illicit European migration to the United States and the laws and policies that were created to legalize their status. Due to these measures, thousands of European immigrants were spared from deportation and deemed eligible for US citizenship. Through a socio-legal approach, the manuscript follows several undocumented European migrations across the nation’s land and sea borders and five legal remedies that were developed in response to their irregular presence. The book also explains how these policies served as the foundations for the legalization provisions of the Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986, the most prominent adjustment of status measure of the twentieth century, and compare the experiences of undocumented European migrants of the early twentieth century with those of Latino/a immigrants in the late twentieth and twenty-first centuries.