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Grant number like: FT-52967-04

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FT-52967-04Research Programs: Summer StipendsJames Terence SparrowFighting over the American Soldier: National Citizenship in American Political Culture, 1936-537/1/2004 - 8/31/2004$5,000.00JamesTerenceSparrow   University of ChicagoChicagoIL60637-5418USA2004U.S. HistorySummer StipendsResearch Programs5000050000

Part of a broader book-length history of how ordinary Americans learned to accept "big government" as legitimate despite the anti-statism and individualism of U.S. political culture, this project examines the experiences of GIs in World War II and the Korean War. These "citizen soldiers" profoundly influenced American political culture at mid-century, thanks to the centrality of the combat soldier as a sort of culture hero in WWII and the Cold War. Soldiers’ insistence on the centrality of national security to government legitimacy constrained the activities of the newly expanded state, keeping the full benefits of national citizenship restricted mainly to white men who performed some sort of military service.