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Grant number like: FT-57958-10

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FT-57958-10Research Programs: Summer StipendsMartha K. ZebrowskiWilliam Smith's 1753 Translation of Thucydides' History of the Peloponnesian War5/1/2010 - 9/30/2010$6,000.00MarthaK.Zebrowski   Columbia UniversityNew YorkNY10027-7922USA2010Political Science, GeneralSummer StipendsResearch Programs6000060000

With his 1753 translation of Thucydides' History of the Peloponnesian War, William Smith brought the Athenian empire and experience into the contemporary debate over the British maritime empire, policy of naval defense, and need for the leadership of patriots. Smith favored a strong British naval defense but not an expansionist empire, and he offered Thucydides' History to the British as a cautionary tale. This article addresses Smith's understanding and use of Thucydides' history and argument, and locates Smith's work in the political, intellectual, and visual culture of eighteenth-century Britain. The article demonstrates how, in the eighteenth century, ancient Greece, no less than ancient Rome, played a formative part in British self-reflection and political analysis, and with this it expands the interpretive field for classicists, historians, those interested in the history and reception of classical texts, art historians, and historians of political thought.