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Grant number like: FT-59929-12

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Award Number Grant ProgramAward RecipientProject TitleAward PeriodApproved Award Total
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FT-59929-12Research Programs: Summer StipendsPeter AchinsteinEvidence and Method in Science7/1/2012 - 8/31/2012$6,000.00Peter Achinstein   Johns Hopkins UniversityBaltimoreMD21218-2608USA2012Philosophy, GeneralSummer StipendsResearch Programs6000060000

I propose to write a book raising the philosophical question: what is meant by scientific evidence and method? I will begin by expanding definitions of evidence I have proposed in other writings, and will then raise a new question: how are these definitions to be applied to actual scientific cases? To answer I will consider whether, for this purpose, the definitions must be supplemented by rules of a scientific method such as those of Isaac Newton. I will present a new way of interpreting Newton's four rules suggested by his actual practice, and meet objections to them raised by various historical and contemporary authors. Finally,I will substantially broaden the discussion of scientific methods by examining three methods advocated by the 19th century theoretical physicist James Clerk Maxwell that are different from Newton's, and that, contrary to standard contemporary views about scientific method, can each be used legitimately to achieve different important scientific goals.