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Grant program: Summer Stipends
Date range: 2019-2022

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Page size:
 381 items in 8 pages
Award Number Grant ProgramAward RecipientProject TitleAward PeriodApproved Award Total
Page size:
 381 items in 8 pages
FT-264458-19Research Programs: Summer StipendsNicholas D. SmithSocrates on Knowledge, Virtue, and Happiness6/1/2019 - 7/31/2019$6,000.00NicholasD.Smith   Lewis and Clark CollegePortlandOR97219-8091USA2019History of PhilosophySummer StipendsResearch Programs6000060000

Writing toward the publication of a book that argues for a new interpretation of Socratic virtue, finding happiness through honing a set of practical skills.

A book that articulates the connections Socrates makes (in Plato's early or Socratic dialogues) between knowledge, virtue, and happiness. In this project, I make the case that these connections have been misunderstood in the scholarly literature because scholars have insufficiently understood an important consequence of the Socratic conception of the relevant knowledge as craft or skill. Briefly, the achievement of skill occurs by degrees and with practice. I show how this effects the Socratic view of virtue and happiness, and how these are connected, in a way that is gradable. In the Socratic view, then, our project as human beings is to improve our life skills, our degree of achievement in virtue, and thus the extent to which we can be happy.

FT-264461-19Research Programs: Summer StipendsJason KnirckLearning Democracy: Political Opposition in the Irish Free State6/1/2019 - 7/31/2019$6,000.00Jason Knirck   Central Washington UniversityEllensburgWA98926-7599USA2019European HistorySummer StipendsResearch Programs6000060000

Research and writing leading to publication of a book on the history of parliamentary opposition in the Irish Free State (1922-1937).

This project studies the development of parliamentary opposition in the Irish Free State. The normalizing of such opposition is a crucial aspect of the success of any democracy and Ireland had no traditions or notions of a loyal parliamentary opposition when the Free State was created. The major Irish pre-revolutionary party sought to leave the Westminster parliament via Home Rule and often used obstructionist tactics to achieve that end. The revolution had placed a premium on unity and the post-revolutionary division of Irish politics into parties was often depicted as a deplorable fall—motivated by base desires such as greed or ambition—from the previous state of revolutionary unity. In addition, those hostile to the revolutionary settlement took up arms against the new Irish parliament and initially abstained from it. The development of notions of opposition in the face of these many obstacles proved a key factor in explaining the ultimate perseverance of democracy in Ireland.

FT-264476-19Research Programs: Summer StipendsFrederick Hal WhiteErnest Hemingway in the Soviet Union6/1/2019 - 7/31/2019$6,000.00FrederickHalWhite   Utah Valley UniversityOremUT84058-0001USA2019American LiteratureSummer StipendsResearch Programs6000060000

Research and writing leading to publication of a literary and historical study about the translation, reception and popularity of works by American author Ernest Hemingway in the Soviet Union, from the 1930s to the 1990s.

Ernest Hemingway’s translated works enjoyed immense popularity in the Soviet Union. In the 1930s, the Soviet government had hoped to co-opt Hemingway as a supporter of the Soviet experiment, but his true impact was realized in the 1960s as a counter-culture figure representing the American ideal of personal liberty. Even so, Hemingway was afforded in 1971 a “Soviet biography” fitting for a Soviet writer. Of particular interest are the ways in which Soviet cultural appropriations of American cultural figures played a role in the ultimate collapse of the Soviet Union. This work explores the Soviet aspects of the translation, interpretation and consecration of Hemingway. The Soviet Union first accepted Hemingway for their own political and social agenda (antifascism), only some thirty years later to find that he represented the ideals of personal freedom that Soviet citizens desired, undermining the official positive pronouncements about the collective.

FT-264551-19Research Programs: Summer StipendsErik MuegglerLiteracy, Sovereignty, Bondage: a Native Hereditary Chieftainship in Qing China6/1/2019 - 7/31/2019$6,000.00Erik Mueggler   Regents of the University of MichiganAnn ArborMI48109-1382USA2019East Asian StudiesSummer StipendsResearch Programs6000060000

Research and writing leading to publication of a book on social and political relations on the frontier of the Chinese Qing empire, based on analysis of an archive in two languages: Nasu and bureaucratic Chinese.

This book project explores a unique archive retained by a lineage of native hereditary chiefs during the Qing dynasty (1644-1912) in southwest China. The archive is in two languages: bureaucratic Chinese and Nasu, one of four closely related Ne (or Yi) written languages. Its documents afford an unparalleled opportunity to work out a description of local relations and forms of subjugation in this periphery of the Qing empire. My inquiry begins with basic questions. What systems of ideas, conventions and practices surrounded each class of administrative, legal, personal, and ritual document in this archive? How did different practices of writing, copying, reading and reciting mediate the subjugation of ancestors, chiefs, wives, concubines, heirs, ministers, bonded tenants, and domestic slaves? Methodologically, how might attention to discrepancies and resonances across forms of writing usually kept separate illuminate social relations otherwise obscured?

FT-264727-19Research Programs: Summer StipendsColin Malcolm KeatingMetaphor and Analogy in Kumarila Bhatta, Classical Indian Philosopher6/1/2019 - 7/31/2019$6,000.00ColinMalcolmKeating   National University of SingaporeSingapore 919777034SINGAPORE2019Non-Western PhilosophySummer StipendsResearch Programs6000060000

Research and writing leading to the publication of a book about Hindu philosopher Kumarila Bhatta (ca. 700 A.D.), which will include an English translation of some of his works.

Human beings use metaphor and analogy in scientific reasoning, literature, philosophy, and in their everyday lives. However, despite being pervasive, metaphors and analogies are still the subject of significant inquiry: what is their structure? how are they related? how are they useful for knowledge? Indian philosophers have been considering these questions for thousands of years, and yet their efforts are largely ignored in contemporary philosophical work on the topic. While it is broadly known that classical Indian thought had sophisticated theories of meaning, much work remains to be done, especially on Kumarila Bhatta's work in this area, which was extremely influential for later Indian philosophy. Metaphor and Analogy in Kumarila Bhatta explores 7th century Mimamsa ("Hermeneutics") philosopher Kumarila Bhatta's theory of linguistic meaning in light of his broader philosophical project, showing that it has implications for thinking about metaphor and analogy.

FT-264762-19Research Programs: Summer StipendsMolly Jeanne FarrellNew World Calculation: The Making of Numbers in Colonial America6/3/2019 - 8/2/2019$6,000.00MollyJeanneFarrell   Ohio State UniversityColumbusOH43210-1349USA2019American LiteratureSummer StipendsResearch Programs6000060000

Research and writing leading to publication of a book on the role of numbers and numerical thinking in colonial America.

What new possibilities arise if we embrace mathematics as a form of humanist inquiry? How would we tell stories differently if we came to see data as a means of personal expression? My project, New World Calculation: The Making of Numbers in Colonial America, investigates these questions in the context of seventeenth- and eighteenth-century colonialism. When enslaved, indigenous, and colonizing peoples interacted, they staged an encounter between groups who were each highly technically skilled mathematicians and held distinctive beliefs about what numbers are and what work they did in the world. At the same time, the tremendous accounting work required to support the economies of Atlantic slavery and settler colonialism, cultivated new forms of bookkeeping and ideas about the reliability of numerical facts. All of these developments led to shifting relationships to numbers and turned colonial spaces into testing grounds for forging novel forms of numerical thinking.

FT-264777-19Research Programs: Summer StipendsRashmi SadanaGender, Urban Space, and Everyday Life in the Age of the Delhi Subway System, 2002-20186/24/2019 - 8/24/2019$6,000.00Rashmi Sadana   George Mason UniversityFairfaxVA22030-4444USA2019Cultural AnthropologySummer StipendsResearch Programs6000060000

Writing a chapter of a monograph detailing ethnographic fieldwork on how the new Delhi metro system reflects and constructs gendered behavior.

The arrival of the Delhi Metro – an ultra-modern, high-tech, and highly surveilled urban rail system, and South Asia’s first major, multi-line metro – has become a touchstone for discussions of urban development, gendered social mobility, and India’s increasingly aspirational culture. A street-level ethnographic view of the city, this book project captures the contradictions of a capital-intensive mega project that seeks to equalize how people of all social classes and backgrounds get around. Focusing on the stories of everyday riders as well as those who designed and built the system, the book documents the story of the Delhi Metro and its social impact since its arrival in 2002. In so doing, this project offers a fresh and contemporary understanding of Delhi that redefines the urban landscape and goes beyond clichés of "third world cities" in the global south.

FT-264780-19Research Programs: Summer StipendsRudy P. Guevarra, JrAloha Compadre: A History of the Latinxs Population in Hawai'i, 1832-20106/1/2019 - 7/31/2019$6,000.00RudyP.Guevarra   Arizona State UniversityTempeAZ85281-3670USA2019Latino HistorySummer StipendsResearch Programs6000060000

A book-length study about the migration of Mexicans, Puerto Ricans, and Central Americans to Hawaii between 1832 and 2010, and the Latino-Hawaiian culture that has developed over time.

Aloha Compadre: Latinxs in Hawai’i, 1832-2010, will be the first study to document the collective history and contemporary experiences of Latinxs in Hawai’i. I focus on Mexicans, Puerto Ricans and Central Americans, which make up the majority of the Spanish speaking Latinx population in the state. Historically speaking Latinxs have been voyaging to the Hawaiian Islands for over 180 years. Currently they comprise almost ten percent of the state’s population. Aloha Compadre explores how Latinx migrations to Hawai’i are expanding the borderlands region beyond the western hemisphere and into the Pacific region. Their enduring presence in Hawai’i is also transforming the social, economic and cultural landscape of the state. Documenting their community narratives enables us to understand how the Latinx population seeks to build their communities, form interracial relationships, and find a sense of belonging in Hawai’i.

FT-264784-19Research Programs: Summer StipendsKathryn B. MeyerAir Manchuria - The Army Behind the Mask: Aviation and Nation Building in Wartime Manchuria6/1/2019 - 7/31/2019$6,000.00KathrynB.Meyer   Wright State UniversityDaytonOH45435-0001USA2019East Asian HistorySummer StipendsResearch Programs6000060000

Research and writing leading to publication of a book on Air Manchuria, the commercial airline established by the Japanese Imperial Army as it occupied China's Northeast provinces in 1932.

“Air Manchuria” is the first English language scholarly study of a commercial airline established by the Japanese Imperial Army as they occupied China’s Northeast provinces in 1932. Presenting itself as a multi-national modern Asian nation based on Confucian values, Manchukuo received international condemnation from the start. A commercial airline would underscore modernity and national pride. As a civil enterprise the company faced the same problems that other civil airlines faced in the early days: high prices, fearful customers, and uncomfortable accommodations. It also served a secret military function: logistics, surveillance, and espionage. As a business serving the puppet state it was touted as a mark of legitimacy. This study goes beyond military history. It discusses the use of commerce, leisure, and tourism in the process of state building, in this case a failed state.

FT-264785-19Research Programs: Summer StipendsJessica Lynne PearsonTraveling to the End of Empire: Tourism and Anti-Racism in the Era of Decolonization2/1/2020 - 4/1/2020$6,000.00JessicaLynnePearson   Macalester CollegeSt. PaulMN55105-1899USA2019European HistorySummer StipendsResearch Programs6000060000

Research and writing leading to publication of a book on the role of tourism and decolonization after World War II.

"Traveling to the End of Empire" will be the first global history of tourism and decolonization in the twentieth century. It will explore the way that former colonies and former colonizers have used tourist infrastructure—such as museums, exhibitions, monuments, and guided tours—to come to terms with, or to erase, their colonial past. This book will define decolonization as both the formal end of empire and an ongoing process that aims to dismantle hierarchies of race and civilization. It will look critically at the ways in which sites for tourists support or ignore the broader goals of the post-1945 global anti-racism movement, with a particular emphasis on the role that UNESCO played in shaping the global landscape of tourism in the second half of the twentieth century. This fellowship would support two months of research in the United Kingdom. [Edited by staff]

FT-264797-19Research Programs: Summer StipendsBirger VanwesenbeeckLoss in Translation: Mourning Across Language in Plath, Pynchon, and Whitehead6/1/2019 - 7/31/2019$6,000.00Birger Vanwesenbeeck   SUNY Research Foundation, College at FredoniaFredoniaNY14063-1127USA2019American LiteratureSummer StipendsResearch Programs6000060000

The writing of one chapter of a book on the linguistic challenge of articulating mourning in three American authors:  poet Sylvia Plath (1932-1963) and novelists Thomas Pynchon (1937- ) and Colson Whitehead (1969 - ).

Although psychologists and literary scholars have long held that the ability to verbalize a loss or trauma constitutes a key-component of the coping process, there is, to date, very little research on the actual linguistic aspect of this process. Is there such a thing as a “native” language of mourning? What happens when the native tongue is somehow unavailable (or undesirable) for mourning? Is it possible to mourn “across language"? These are questions that are at the heart of the three American writers analyzed in my in-progress book manuscript “Loss in Translation”: the poet Sylvia Plath and the novelists Thomas Pynchon and Colson Whitehead. Three chapters of “Loss in Translation” currently exist in draft from. I’m asking for NEH funding for the completion of a fourth chapter that will allow me to extend the notion of mourning-across-language to include a discussion of the issues of slavery and race.

FT-264815-19Research Programs: Summer StipendsElisa CamiscioliTrafficking, Travel, and Illicit Migration in Early Twentieth-Century France and the Americas5/10/2019 - 7/9/2019$6,000.00Elisa Camiscioli   SUNY Research Foundation, BinghamtonBinghamtonNY13902-4400USA2019Immigration HistorySummer StipendsResearch Programs6000060000

Research and writing leading to publication of a book on the history of trafficking between France and the Americas in the early 20th century.

This project investigates early 20th-century debates on trafficking through the lens of migration history, and how women’s mobility raised key questions about the distinction between free movement and unauthorized migrations. The “traffic in women” generated copious documentation on such themes as border policing, passport controls, immigration law, deportation, and repatriation. In addition, letters written by ostensibly trafficked women, their families, and members of criminal networks reveal the lived experience of these migrations. Focusing primarily on the transatlantic route between France and the Americas, the project situates both the discourse and experience of trafficking within a longer history of free and unfree labor, sex work, mobility, and globalization.

FT-264816-19Research Programs: Summer StipendsAlex GottesmanFreedom of Speech in Ancient Athens6/30/2019 - 8/31/2019$6,000.00Alex Gottesman   Temple UniversityPhiladelphiaPA19122-6003USA2019Classical HistorySummer StipendsResearch Programs6000060000

Preparation of a book on the concept of freedom of speech in ancient Greek Athens.

Scholars tend to assume that the Athenians held values very similar to the ones that are enshrined in our own constitution and legal tradition. But what did the concept of free speech consist of in Athens? What were the Athenians’ ideas and intuitions about free speech? Where did they draw the line between permitted and unpermitted speech, and under what circumstances? There is to date no book-length study of this topic. I am requesting an NEH Summer Stipend to support my research into this very old, but also very timely, topic.

FT-264836-19Research Programs: Summer StipendsKristin Maria SzylvianInstant Housing: Operation Breakthrough, George Romney, and the Unrealized promise of the Factory Built House6/1/2019 - 7/31/2019$6,000.00KristinMariaSzylvian   St. John's University, New YorkQueensNY11439-9000USA2019U.S. HistorySummer StipendsResearch Programs6000060000

A book-length study of George Romney's tenure as Secretary of Housing and Urban Development and the legacy of public housing initiatives started during the Richard Nixon administration.

The lack of equal opportunity housing was widely regarded as a major factor in the uprising and protests that took place in many US cities between 1962 and 1968. In May 1969 George Romney, US President Richard M. Nixon's Secretary Housing and Urban Development, launched Operation Breakthrough (OB) to help the US dramatically increase housing production. Romney was unable to shatter or "break through" barriers preventing or inhibiting the industrialization of house production including building codes and zoning laws that sought to restrict low-income housing development and union work rules that discouraged the use of mass-assembly methods and new materials in housing. The nine prototype communities built in eight states did, however, offer among the first, publicly funded, privately built integrated, mixed income planned residential communities in the US (edited by staff).

FT-264839-19Research Programs: Summer StipendsKimberly Jenkins MarshallRe-Membering the Boise Valley People: Rethinking Sovereignty in Contemporary Cultural Planning6/13/2019 - 8/13/2019$6,000.00KimberlyJenkinsMarshall   University of Oklahoma, NormanNormanOK73019-3003USA2019Cultural AnthropologySummer StipendsResearch Programs6000060000

Research and writing of an article on reconciliation efforts by Boise city officials and Native American groups in order to better understand the meaning and role of sovereignty in such contexts.

Over the past few years, cultural planners from the City of Boise, Idaho and local Native American tribes have developed an innovative working relationship. Built on the principle of interdependent sovereignty, these partners have a plan to remake Boise’s cultural infrastructure. They are commissioning public artwork by Native artists and creating signs to reintroduce traditional place names into Boise’s urban spaces. This collaboration holds the potential for both innovative successes and unexpected challenges. However, the unique attitude toward interdependence guiding this collaboration may allow it to serve as a model for other tribal/settler state partners working toward reconciliation. At the invitation of both parties, I will document this collaboration, contributing a new perspective to our understanding of cultural sovereignty by demonstrating the interdependent way in which sovereignty can be enacted through collaborative cultural partnerships.

FT-264843-19Research Programs: Summer StipendsYinan He, PhDDomestic Enemies, National Identity Mobilization, and China's Attitudes toward Foreign Others6/1/2019 - 7/31/2019$6,000.00Yinan He   Lehigh UniversityBethlehemPA18015-3027USA2019International RelationsSummer StipendsResearch Programs6000060000

Writing a book about Chinese approaches to the “foreign other” in domestic and foreign policy in the late nineteenth and twentieth centuries.

To stoke fear and hatred of foreigners for internal needs is a recurring pattern in modern Chinese nationalism. Anchored in interpretive analysis of elites’ political rhetoric, party documents, and propaganda materials, the book is a macro-historical study of Chinese national identity discourse from the 1890s till the 2010s. Rather than being constantly antagonistic toward foreign imperialism, China has undergone cycles of seeking cooperation with foreigners and demonizing them. When facing severe political challenges, Chinese elites often tried to exclude domestic enemies in national identity mobilization. However, if targeting domestic others alone was politically inconvenient or unappealing, they would promote antiforeign identity to reinforce internal battles. By linking China’s domestic politics with attitudes toward perceived foreign adversaries, this study revises dominant views that emphasize historical grievances or external threat in explaining modern China’s antiforeignism.

FT-264870-19Research Programs: Summer StipendsRebecca Elizabeth Keegan VanDiverPolitics of Ephemerality in African American Art Practices, 1965-20159/1/2019 - 10/31/2019$6,000.00RebeccaElizabeth KeeganVanDiver   Vanderbilt UniversityNashvilleTN37203-2416USA2019Art History and CriticismSummer StipendsResearch Programs6000060000

Preparation of a book on 20th-century African American art that addresses the notion of impermanence.

My book confronts the relationship between Blackness and ephemerality (material, temporal, and political) as manifest in African American contemporary art. I query how African American artists reconcile the permanent (their Blackness) with the ephemeral (the changing socio-cultural moment). The central claim of the project is that some African American artists engage the politics of ephemerality and its associated connections to permanence and impermanence as part of their efforts to respond to states of emergency—government-declared and government-perpetrated. Topics include: the production and archiving of 1960s era civil rights march posters, 1970s Black feminist print-making, collaborative site-specific artworks like the Organization of Black American Culture’s 1967 Wall of Respect mural, Mark Bradford’s use of ephemera in his collages, Kara Walker’s 2006 After the Deluge show, and recent artistic responses to the Black Lives Matter movement.

FT-264875-19Research Programs: Summer StipendsEsra Akin-KivancGeometry of Islamic Calligraphy: History, Sources, and Meaning6/1/2019 - 7/31/2019$6,000.00Esra Akin-Kivanc   University of South FloridaTampaFL33620-9951USA2019History, Criticism, and Theory of the ArtsSummer StipendsResearch Programs6000060000

Research leading to two articles on the geometrical foundations of pre-modern Islamic calligraphy.

In the pre-modern Islamic world, calligraphy was commonly considered to be the most revered branch of art. Despite the art form’s centuries-old history, distinctive idiom, and its popularity from China to Spain, there exists no scholarship that explores the structural principles of Islamic calligraphic compositions. I am requesting a grant to continue research on two articles that I am preparing on a corpus of hitherto unstudied inscriptions designed according to the principles of symmetry identified in geometry, specifically, friezes and medallions. My initial analyses of these textual compositions led me to believe that pre-modern calligraphers were knowledgeable of, and incorporated into their art, contemporary discourses and practices in mathematics. This significant finding, in turn, points to an intersection between art and science, a nuanced understanding of which is essential for a study of the history and meaning of Islamic ornament and its reiterations in non-Islamic art. [Edited by staff]

FT-264881-19Research Programs: Summer StipendsDale KretzAfter the Freedmen's Bureau: Administering Freedom in the Age of Emancipation5/18/2019 - 7/18/2019$6,000.00Dale Kretz   Texas Tech UniversityLubbockTX79409-0006USA2019African American HistorySummer StipendsResearch Programs6000060000

Research and writing leading to a book about the Freedmen’s Branch (1872-1878), established by Congress to handle applications for bounties, back pay, and pensions for former slaves and African-American soldiers.

My book project explores how formerly enslaved men and women maintained their wartime foothold in the U.S. federal government from the Civil War until the New Deal. While claiming military benefits in extraordinary numbers, freepeople negotiated issues of slavery, identity, loyalty, dependency, and disability, all within an increasingly complex and rapidly expanding federal administrative state.

FT-264900-19Research Programs: Summer StipendsJethro Hernandez BerronesA Revolution in Small Doses: Homeopathy, the Medical Profession, and the State in Mexico, 1895-19427/1/2019 - 8/31/2019$6,000.00Jethro Hernandez Berrones   Southwestern UniversityGeorgetownTX78626USA2019History and Philosophy of Science, Technology, and MedicineSummer StipendsResearch Programs6000060000

Writing two chapters of a history of homeopathy and the regulation of the medical profession in Mexico, 1895-1942.

A Revolution in Small Doses examines the integration of homeopathic institutions into the Mexican medical profession after the revolution of 1910. It analyzes how Mexicans shaped the boundary between professional and popular medicine in the process of national reconstruction in the 1920s and 30s. The book demonstrates that the boundary was more flexible than regularly assumed for Mexican medicine and that even during a period when science dominated public health and medical education projects, homeopaths negotiated a place within state institutions as very few other countries did in the 20th century. Homeopaths’ case in Mexico constitutes an experiment on medical pluralism in a time of biomedical hegemony. Homeopathy’s success reflects the continuous presence of plural medical beliefs in a stratified society, a society that struggled to reconcile elitist medical science with popular demands for health, its Porfirian past with its revolutionary present.

FT-264906-19Research Programs: Summer StipendsCatherine Marie JaffeSociety Women and Enlightened Charity in Spain: The Junta de Damas de Honor y Mérito, 1787-18235/1/2019 - 6/30/2019$6,000.00CatherineMarieJaffe   Texas State University - San MarcosSan MarcosTX78666-4684USA2019Women's HistorySummer StipendsResearch Programs6000060000

Research and preparation for a book of on the philanthropic contributions of Spanish women in the 18th-century Enlightenment.

I will produce a collaborative book with U.S. and Spanish historians and literary scholars on the history of the Junta de Damas de Honor y Mérito de la Sociedad Económica Matritense (the Women’s Council of Honor and Merit of the Royal Madrid Economic Society), a philanthropic organization of elite women founded in 1787 to promote enlightened reform of institutions for poor women and children. I will work two months summer 2019 in archives in Madrid to complete my chapter on the women’s writings as a projection of a collective, feminine Enlightened identity. I will edit the chapters and write the introduction with my Spanish co-editor, a historian, and consult with other historians. The book shows that the Junta made a compelling contribution to the Enlightenment, to women’s history, and to the history of feminism. It will expand scholars’ knowledge of Spanish women’s contributions to Enlightenment, especially for readers without access to scholarship published in Spanish.

FT-264915-19Research Programs: Summer StipendsPhillip I. Ackerman-LiebermanThe Shifting Fate of World Jewry from Iraq to North Africa in the Early Islamic Period7/30/2019 - 9/30/2019$6,000.00PhillipI.Ackerman-Lieberman   Vanderbilt UniversityNashvilleTN37203-2416USA2019Medieval HistorySummer StipendsResearch Programs6000060000

This project revisits long-held assumptions about the dynamics of Jewish life in the medieval Islamic world. In my book project, tentatively titled From the Rising of the Sun...To Where It Sets, I intend to challenge the received wisdom that the mostly-agrarian Jewish community urbanized under early Islamic regimes, and subsequently migrated to the communities of the southern Mediterranean in the wake of Islamic conquest. In its place, I propose an alternative narrative of historical contingency, suggesting a Jewish population in the East which atrophies amidst local unrest and the decay of irrigational infrastructure and a corresponding flowering of the autochthonous Jewish population as opportunities for long-distance trade came on the rise as the southern Mediterranean fell under a single (Islamic) legal regime.

FT-264916-19Research Programs: Summer StipendsBrenda J. LongfellowWomen in Public in Ancient Pompeii6/1/2019 - 7/31/2019$6,000.00BrendaJ.Longfellow   University of IowaIowa CityIA52242-1320USA2019Art History and CriticismSummer StipendsResearch Programs6000060000

Preparation of a book on the public life and art patronage of women in the ancient Roman city of Pompeii.

I am applying for an NEH summer stipend in order to undertake field research at the ancient Roman city of Pompeii in Italy, where I will study the architectural, decorative, and epigraphic remains of Pompeian tombs built by women as well as the funerary equipment awarded to Pompeian women by the town council. This research will provide the source material for a chapter in my single-author book titled Women in Public in Ancient Pompeii. Women comprise half of the known tomb builders in Pompeii and received more than one third of the tomb plots awarded to individuals by the city council, and so female economic agency and civic connections are more visible in the cemeteries than anywhere else in the city. This research and chapter will further our understanding of the historical nature of female involvement in the larger community and outside of the domestic sphere.

FT-264924-19Research Programs: Summer StipendsJoanna DavidsonSinging Wives and Silent Widows: An Ethnographic Study of Marriage in West Africa6/10/2019 - 8/10/2019$6,000.00Joanna Davidson   Boston UniversityBostonMA02215-1300USA2019Cultural AnthropologySummer StipendsResearch Programs6000060000

Ethnographic research on women in rural West Africa to document and analyze the public songs of married women leading to a monograph on marriage and gendered behavior in a non-Western context.

Something is happening to marriage around the world, and although scholars have long been preoccupied with marital institutions and dynamics we are now scrambling to catch up to a plethora of new trends. My project adds novel insights to this flourishing field by focusing on the perplexing unspeakability of Jola widows in West Africa alongside the din of wives who collectively sing about their marital woes. These phenomena provide fertile ethnographic ground for re-thinking enduring humanistic concerns with the relationship between economy and affect, materiality and emotion, and instrumentality and intimacy

FT-264928-19Research Programs: Summer StipendsIsabel MoreiraA Cultural Biography of Queen Balthild of Neustria, France (c.626-80)6/1/2019 - 7/31/2019$6,000.00Isabel Moreira   University of UtahSalt Lake CityUT84112-9049USA2019History, GeneralSummer StipendsResearch Programs6000060000

Completion of a biography of Queen Balthild of northern France (c.626-680), who was born an Anglo-Saxon slave, married King Clovis II, was regent to her sons, and after her death was venerated as a saint at the French convent she founded.

By means of a biography of an exceptional woman, this book is an investigation of the life and times of a seventh-century Anglo-Saxon slave who became a queen of Neustria (northern France), and eventually was venerated as a saint. A biography of this exceptionally well documented woman illuminates the power and limitations of female power in the seventh century, the opportunities for social mobility in a slave culture, and the way this woman and her supporters preserved an account of her activity in politics and religion, at a time when the slave trade was a reality for those living in the late Roman Mediterranean world.

FT-264929-19Research Programs: Summer StipendsNorah Linda Andrews Gharala“A Black Man from India”: Between Slavery and Freedom in the Early Modern Iberian World6/1/2019 - 7/31/2019$6,000.00NorahLinda AndrewsGharala   University Of HoustonLakewoodNJ08701-2697USA2019Latin American HistorySummer StipendsResearch Programs6000060000

A book-length study about the complexities of slavery, freedom, and identity in the Indian, Pacific, and Atlantic worlds through the life of slave Antonio Ximenes. 

This project tells the story of Antonio Ximenes, a young man enslaved in Asia who fought for his freedom in the courts of Mexico City. His life was a microcosm of colonial relationships and a kind of urban servitude that differed markedly from later plantation societies in the Americas. Ximenes lived at a pivotal time for seventeenth-century European empires seeking the wealth of trade in Asia. Before he was thirty, Ximenes had traveled in captivity across the Indian Ocean and the Pacific, visiting the cosmopolitan ports of the Philippines, Peru, and Mexico. Calling himself “a black man from India,” Ximenes claimed that his master had granted him freedom in exchange for his bravery and years of service. The records Ximenes and his associates left help us understand the changing and multifaceted meanings of slavery and freedom, race, gender, and self in the global early modern world.

FT-264939-19Research Programs: Summer StipendsJohn OttScandal, Reform, and the Compilation of Canon Law in Eleventh-Century Reims7/1/2019 - 8/31/2019$6,000.00John Ott   Portland State UniversityPortlandOR97207-0751USA2019Medieval HistorySummer StipendsResearch Programs6000060000

Research and preparation for editions and translations of two major documents on church and civil legal history in medieval France, the Apologia of Archbishop Manasses I of Reims (c. 1069-1080) and the legal collection Sinemuriensi produced at Reims in the 10th and 11th centuries.

This project examines the compilation of canon law in and around the episcopal city of Reims in the eleventh century, a time of dramatic change, institutional church reform, and local episcopal resistance. It focuses on two sources of considerable importance for the history of canon law and the medieval church: the Apologia of Archbishop Manasses I of Reims (c.1069-1080) and a widely disseminated legal collection known as Sinemuriensis. The Summer Stipend would support two months' archival research in France to examine and transcribe undigitized manuscripts of these texts, with the goal of better understanding how the law was created and employed in the dispute between Manasses and Pope Gregory VII. These legal sources afford valuable lessons about how local cultures and universalizing discourses intersect and overlap, and how their constituents communicate – or fail to communicate – their values to one another. Research will support a book project and several articles.

FT-264943-19Research Programs: Summer StipendsRobin E. JensenJulia Ward Howe, Helene Deutsche, and Sophia Kleegman: 20th-Century Women Shaping the Science and Medicine of Fertility6/1/2019 - 7/31/2019$6,000.00RobinE.Jensen   University of UtahSalt Lake CityUT84112-9049USA2019CommunicationsSummer StipendsResearch Programs6000060000

Research and writing leading to a book on Julia Ward Howe, Helene Deutsch, and Sophia Kleegman, 20th-century doctors of reproductive and fertility medicine.

This rhetorical history project analyzes the scientific, public, and interpersonal communication of three women who were central to the development and implementation of fertility science as it is known today. Reformer Julia Ward Howe, psychoanalyst Helene Deutsch, and gynecologist Sophia Kleegman communicated from different social locations and time periods to push back against—and contribute to—scientific orthodoxy. I contend that the fissures they created in scholarly and mainstream discourses about reproductive health functioned to expand the scope of infertility diagnosis and treatment regimens, and to loosen long-held clinical beliefs about women as the central players in fertility related ills. This analysis identifies the discursive strategies that these actors employed to intervene in fertility studies and demonstrates how interventions in science often unfold not in terms of revolutions but in terms of multimodal, nonlinear, and longitudinal communicative negotiations.

FT-264952-19Research Programs: Summer StipendsElizabeth Elaine TavaresThe Repertory System before Shakespeare, 1582-15946/1/2019 - 7/31/2019$6,000.00ElizabethElaineTavares   Pacific UniversityForest GroveOR97116-1797USA2019British LiteratureSummer StipendsResearch Programs6000060000

A book-length study of four 16th-century British theater companies and their contributions to the history of theater, performance, and the early modern English economy.

The generation of theatre makers before William Shakespeare enjoyed greater marketplace diversity than at any other time in the early modern period. 1580s playgoers were spoiled for choice, with more than fifty professional troupes at hand. If plays weren’t systematically advertised, playhouses were in close proximity, and one could see a different play every night of the week, how did one choose? My book, “Playing the Stock Market: The Repertory System before Shakespeare” (under contract with Palgrave) examines four seasons of four companies to expose the interconnections between thematic concerns and staging techniques—revealing that it was repetition, revision, and collaboration rather than novelty that produced their financial success. Attending to the collective process that was the Elizabethan theatre industry, this is the first book to offer a dramaturgical approach comparing several early troupes, proving an important contribution to theatre history and performance studies.

FT-264956-19Research Programs: Summer StipendsDouglas Leo WiniarskiShakers and the Shawnee Prophet: A Microhistory of Religious Violence on the Early American Frontier, 1805–18156/1/2019 - 7/31/2019$6,000.00DouglasLeoWiniarski   University of RichmondRichmondVA23173-0001USA2019U.S. HistorySummer StipendsResearch Programs6000060000

Research and writing two chapters of a book on interactions between Shakers and Native Americans on the Ohio frontier before the War of 1812.

I seek NEH funding to research and draft the two central chapters of my current book project, Shakers and the Shawnee Prophet. This braided microhistory chronicles the fascinating, but troubled relationship between the Shakers—the religious sectarians infamous for their ecstatic worship practices, communal social organization, celibacy, and pacifism—and the militant followers of Tenskwatawa, the so-called Shawnee Prophet and brother of the famed war captain Tecumseh. Written for a broad audience of students, scholars, and general readers and drawing upon understudied Shaker manuscript letters and journals, Shakers and the Shawnee Prophet examines the local sources of religious violence on the early American frontier during the years leading up to the War of 1812. I anticipate that the book will resonate with readers attuned to the politics of religious difference and the troubling connections between religion and violence in our own times.

FT-264958-19Research Programs: Summer StipendsMartin KalbEnvironing Empire: Nature, Infrastructure, and the Making of German Southwest Africa5/1/2019 - 6/30/2019$6,000.00Martin Kalb   Bridgewater CollegeBridgewaterVA22812-1599USA2019European HistorySummer StipendsResearch Programs6000060000

Research and writing leading to publication of an environmental history of German Southwest Africa (1884-1915).

My book project is an environmental history of empires, in this case, of German Southwest Africa (1884-1915). I contend that taking environmental factors into account further complicates existing understandings of German colonial fantasies. Germany dreamed of a model colony, envisioned as a profitable agricultural settler society. Realities on the ground, however, threatened such visions of empire, and repeatedly hindered German efforts in the region. The most important challenges were tied to issues of land accessibility and water scarcity. Massive investments into harbor structures, irrigation, and other imperial infrastructures soon shaped broader policies, especially following the 1904 Herero and Nama Uprising. Unintended consequences and overall failures, combined with the employment of everyday violence of the colonial state to achieve its fantasies, eventually transformed nature and people but also shaped the imperial imaginations of German colonialists. [Edited by staff]

FT-264962-19Research Programs: Summer StipendsEduardo LedesmaBlind Cinema: Visually Impaired Filmmakers and Technologies of Sight5/1/2019 - 6/30/2019$6,000.00Eduardo Ledesma   Board of Trustees of the University of IllinoisChampaignIL61801-3620USA2019Media StudiesSummer StipendsResearch Programs6000060000

A book-length study and companion website about visually impaired filmmakers and their use of various technologies, which illuminate the experience of blindness through film.

"Blind Cinema," for which I seek an NEH Summer Stipend, has two key aims: first, to raise critical awareness about the existence of blind filmmakers, and second, to establish the contours of a blind cinematic style through theories of the gaze and haptic film. It is the first book to study how visually impaired filmmakers use digital media both to make visible the experience of disability and to destabilize stereotypes about the blind. My analysis of films by blind and visually impaired directors, as well as of collaborations between blind and sighted filmmakers, shows how the aesthetics and content of these works represent the experience of blindness. I combine film and disability studies approaches to consider how new technologies of vision are giving blind filmmakers access to the tools and techniques of filmmaking and how their innovations are transforming our experience of film.

FT-264966-19Research Programs: Summer StipendsLaura K. McClure(Re-)Imagining the Chorus: Modernist Women and Greek Tragedy6/1/2019 - 7/31/2019$6,000.00LauraK.McClure   University of Wisconsin SystemMadisonWI53715-1218USA2019Classical LiteratureSummer StipendsResearch Programs6000060000

Preparation of a book on the influence of ancient Greek drama on the 20th-century American poet Hilda Doolittle (known as H.D.).

This project examines the engagement of the modernist American poet Hilda Doolittle (1886-1961), known as H.D., with the Greek chorus, from her first experiments with translations of Euripides to her final extended dramatic lyric, Helen in Egypt. It situates this analysis within a broader context of Hellenism at the end of the 19th and early 20th century, a key period for the transmission and reception of Greek tragedy in Britain and the U.S. I argue that H.D. transformed a marginal and obscure literary form into a modernist aesthetic of translation and poetics, what she termed the 'choros-sequence', in order to challenge and reshape the male lyric tradition from a female perspective. As the first comprehensive study of the choral form in H.D.’s literary production, this project contributes to the growing body of scholarship on women as critical agents of classical reception.

FT-264970-19Research Programs: Summer StipendsAkiko TsuchiyaSpanish Women of Letters in the Nineteenth-century Antislavery Movement: Transnational Networks and Exchanges5/1/2019 - 6/30/2019$6,000.00Akiko Tsuchiya   Washington UniversitySt. LouisMO63130-4862USA2019Spanish LiteratureSummer StipendsResearch Programs6000060000

Research and writing leading to publication of a book about Spanish women writers and the transnational antislavery movement of the nineteenth century.

This project examines the social and cultural place of Spanish women of letters in the transnational antislavery movement of the nineteenth century, showing the ways in which abolitionist women reconciled their activism with their traditional gender roles—as mothers, wives, and religious believers—and negotiated their relationship to (masculine) liberal discourse. Drawing on recent developments in gender and post-colonial theories, this study raises questions about women’s shifting role in the liberal public sphere, the crucial function of their transnational networks in achieving their political objectives, and their often ambivalent relationship to the subaltern communities for which they were presumably advocating. My work elucidates the different ways in which these women engaged, negotiated and, at times, contested existing gender and racial paradigms as they participated in the antislavery debate, both nationally and transnationally.

FT-264971-19Research Programs: Summer StipendsRebecca M. WilkinAn Edition and Translation of Selections from "Work on Women" by French Enlightenment Philosopher Louise Dupin (1706-1799)6/10/2019 - 8/9/2019$6,000.00RebeccaM.Wilkin   Pacific Lutheran UniversityTacomaWA98447-0001USA2019History of PhilosophySummer StipendsResearch Programs6000060000

Translation into English and editing for publication "Word on Women," an unpublished manuscript of political theory by Madame Louise Dupin (1706-1799).

A translation and edition of selections from Louise Dupin’s long-neglected "Work on Women" (ca. 1745-1751) brings to 21st-century students and scholars the voice of the most important feminist philosopher of the French Enlightenment. In 48 chapters, Dupin skewers sexist bias in natural philosophy and history written by men and reveals the impoverishment and disenfranchisement of women to be a “modern” phenomenon instituted through the laws of the French nation-state. Though the Work was never published, aspects of it lived on—unacknowledged—in the writings of Dupin’s secretary, Jean-Jacques Rousseau. Selections from the "Work on Women" not only restores Dupin to her rightful place in the history of feminist thought; it moreover challenges her first community of readers to revise a history of philosophy built on the suppressed voices of women. During the tenure of the grant, I propose to complete the translation of 7 of the 20 chapters to be included in Selections from the Work on Women.

FT-264973-19Research Programs: Summer StipendsMasha KirasirovaThe Eastern International: Culture, Power, and Realpolitik in Soviet-Arab Relations6/2/2019 - 8/2/2019$6,000.00Masha Kirasirova   NYUADAbu DhabiNY United Arab Emirates2019Russian HistorySummer StipendsResearch Programs6000060000

Research and writing leading to a book publication on Soviet foreign policy with the Arab Middle East (1920-1990).

The Eastern International is a study of how Moscow leaders’ embrace of the flexible and vague concept “East” in political and cultural initiatives created a mutually interacting relationship between the Soviet Union’s supposedly decolonized “domestic East” (the predominantly Muslim Soviet republics in Central Asia and the Caucasus) and the colonized “foreign East” (South and East Asia, Africa, and the Middle East). I argue that from the interwar period through the Cold War, this conceptual linkage created an unusual relational space of interactions and exchange that shaped official Soviet Central Asian histories, literatures, and cinemas, facilitated the spread of Marxist-Leninist ideas in the Middle East, and shaped Russia’s foreign relations.

FT-264985-19Research Programs: Summer StipendsJennifer D. OrtegrenNew Neighbors, New Muslims: Gender, Class, and Community in Contemporary India6/1/2021 - 10/31/2021$6,000.00JenniferD.Ortegren   President and Fellows of Middlebury CollegeMiddleburyVT05753-6004USA2019Religion, GeneralSummer StipendsResearch Programs6000060000

Research for an article, leading to a book manuscript, on relationships in India between Muslim and Hindu women.

This project examines how upwardly mobile Muslim families in and around Udaipur, Rajasthan, India—and especially Muslim women across generations—are reconfiguring their everyday and religious lives to form new middle class identities for themselves and their communities. In so doing, the project asks, how are they redefining not only understandings of modern Indian Islam, but relationships with their Hindu neighbors? This projects moves beyond narratives of marginalization and conflict that are often the focus of scholarship of Indian Muslims to analyze how definitions of gender, religion, and class are formulated anew in rapidly shifting and diverse—but peaceful—contexts in contemporary India, and to consider the future of Muslim-Hindu relations among the emerging middle classes.

FT-264991-19Research Programs: Summer StipendsKerstin SteitzHolocaust Truth and Justice: Literary and Filmic Criticism of the Frankfurt Auschwitz Trial (1963-1965)5/15/2019 - 7/15/2019$6,000.00Kerstin Steitz   Old Dominion University Research FoundationNorfolkVA23508-0369USA2019German LiteratureSummer StipendsResearch Programs6000060000

Research and writing leading to publication of a book about literary and film interpretations of the Frankfurt Auschwitz Trial (1963-1965), the first major Holocaust trial in postwar Germany.

Between 1963 and 1965, twenty-two men who participated in mass murder at the Auschwitz concentration camps were prosecuted in what became known as the Frankfurt Auschwitz Trial, the first major Holocaust trial in postwar Germany. The proceedings revealed, however, that German criminal law was not equipped to deal adequately with the genocide that occurred at Auschwitz. Instead it treated the Nazi atrocities as ordinary murder and manslaughter cases, which trivialized genocide. The book I will complete with a National Endowment for the Humanities Summer Stipend exposes how authors and filmmakers revisit the trial, teaching lessons that it misrepresented with regard to the origins of the Holocaust, the conditions in the camps, the guilt of the perpetrators, and the suffering of the victims. The significance of my work thus reveals how art succeeded where law failed in holding the German public accountable for the Holocaust and in crafting a memory culture of genocide.

FT-264994-19Research Programs: Summer StipendsJames DownsThe Laboring Dead: From Subjugation to Science in Global History6/1/2019 - 7/31/2019$6,000.00James Downs   Connecticut CollegeNew LondonCT06320-4125USA2019U.S. HistorySummer StipendsResearch Programs6000060000

Writing a book about medical advances in epidemiology in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries from the treatment of slaves and war causalities.

The Laboring Dead: From Subjugation to Science in Global History, which is under contract with Harvard University Press, uncovers the untold ways in which slavery, imperialism, and war produced the social arrangements that led to the development of scientific ideas and medical practices.

FT-264997-19Research Programs: Summer StipendsDanielle A. St. HilaireThe Art of Compassion: Aesthetics, Ethics, and Pity in Early Modern English Literature5/22/2019 - 7/21/2019$6,000.00DanielleA.St. Hilaire   Duquesne UniversityPittsburghPA15282-0001USA2019British LiteratureSummer StipendsResearch Programs6000060000

Completion of a book on the role of compassion in art and literature from ancient writers, Plato and Aristotle, medieval theologians, Saint Augustine and Saint Thomas Aquinas, and writers of the English Renaissance, Philip Sidney, Edmond Spenser, and Shakespeare.

The proposed book project examines the intersection of ethics and aesthetics in early modern England, focusing on how classical and Christian concepts of pity collide in the works of Philip Sidney, Edmund Spenser, and William Shakespeare, in ways that challenge the ethical claims Renaissance defenders of poetry often made for the value of making and experiencing art. In the course of this exploration, the project also considers how ideas about the relationship between art and ethics on the one hand, and between emotion and ethics on the other, have shifted between Plato’s banishment of the poets in Republic and recent studies in the social sciences that link reading literature to empathy. Early modern England, I argue, was a pivot-point in the intellectual history of debates about the worth of art; understanding this moment in time provides us insight into our own currently embattled position in the humanities, and potentially offers us powerful arguments for the worth of creating and studying art.

FT-265014-19Research Programs: Summer StipendsDavid Berton EmersonAmerican Literary Misfits: Vernacular Aesthetics and Imagined Democracies, 1828-18616/1/2019 - 7/31/2019$6,000.00DavidBertonEmerson   Whitworth UniversitySpokaneWA99251-2515USA2019American LiteratureSummer StipendsResearch Programs6000060000

Completion of a book on 19th-century regional and non-canonical authors such as J. J. Hooper and J. R. Ride and how they contributed to the development of theories of American democracy. 

American Literary Misfits contends that the 19th century’s most radical theories of democracy emerged from texts long exiled from US literary history. Such texts are united by a shared demonstration of local decision-making as viable alternative to the abstracting tendencies of national politics. All over the USA, from Philadelphia and New York to the rural south and Gold Rush California, works like J.J. Hooper’s Simon Suggs and J.R. Ridge’s Joaquín Murieta offered both ideological and aesthetic alternatives to the national prescriptions embodied in sentimental novels and historical romances. Instead of tying individuals to a national community, as these better-known contemporaries did, literary misfits pushed back against the progressive ends of the nation, its version of liberal democracy, and its characteristic literary forms. While criticism has typically fit these texts into regional categories, these misfits demand a rewriting of the liberal tradition of US literary histories.

FT-265034-19Research Programs: Summer StipendsSarah Frances WilliamsMusic, Memory, and Alternative Performance Spaces in Seventeenth Century England6/1/2019 - 7/31/2019$6,000.00SarahFrancesWilliams   University of South CarolinaColumbiaSC29208-0001USA2019Music History and CriticismSummer StipendsResearch Programs6000060000

Research and writing leading to publication of a book about memory, music, and theatrical performance in seventeenth-century England.

My monograph examines the extant music and descriptions of musical performance contained in forgotten entertainments including rare shows, peep shows, puppet theater or "motion shows," and communal ballad singing in seventeenth century England. Using the early modern ars memoriae, or memory arts, as a framing device, I investigate how music can increase our understanding of alternative performance spaces and their resonances within sanctioned theatrical and musical traditions. The early modern theater functioned as a powerful mnemonic scheme, a real and imagined architectural space, a mirror of the world, a didactic tool, a repository of knowledge, and a communal performative experience. Yet, the spaces I investigate are not necessarily limited to physical venues. Rather, I explore how we can view musical performance as a powerful tool that can uncover marginalized identities, unsanctioned or transient theaters, social classes, political intrigue, and forgotten genres.

FT-265043-19Research Programs: Summer StipendsMichelle Chi ChaseCuban Anti-Communism in Cold War Latin America, 1960-19906/1/2019 - 7/31/2019$6,000.00MichelleChiChase   Pace UniversityNew YorkNY10038-1502USA2019Latin American HistorySummer StipendsResearch Programs6000060000

A book-length study about Cuban anti-communist exiles and the Cold War, 1960-1990.

This project will provide the first comprehensive history of the anti-communist movement that emerged in the wake of Cuba’s 1959 revolution. The project argues that Cuban anti-communism was never restricted to merely opposing Fidel Castro; instead, it was a global political movement with far-reaching consequences. From 1960 to 1990, Cuban anti-communist militants became involved in a series of conflicts throughout Latin America and beyond, applying the military and political experience they developed opposing Castro to help defeat revolutionary and national liberation movements from Puerto Rico to Nicaragua to the Congo. This project will consequently reframe standard assumptions of Cuban counter-revolutionary “failure,” showing that militant exiles’ greatest victories occurred elsewhere in the developing and decolonizing world. This story thus sheds new light on the Cold War in the global south by highlighting widespread Cuban influence on the Right, not only the Left.

FT-265053-19Research Programs: Summer StipendsKristoffer WhitneyA History of Bird-Banding and Wildlife Conservation in 20th-century North America6/1/2019 - 7/31/2019$6,000.00Kristoffer Whitney   RITRochesterNY14623-5698USA2019History of ScienceSummer StipendsResearch Programs6000060000

Research and writing articles for academic and general audiences on the history of bird-banding and its relationship to environmental science.

I propose to use the NEH Summer Stipend to complete an academic article on the environmental and cultural history of bird-banding and its relationship to 20th-century conservation, as well write a shorter piece on the same subjects targeted toward a broader, popular audience online. The art and science of affixing coded markers to migratory birds (and other animals), banding was at the heart of twentieth-century wildlife management, ecology, ethology, and what could anachronistically be called environmentalism. My primary exemplar will be the biography and work of Margaret Morse Nice. Examining this history sheds light on an understudied part of American scientific, political, and cultural heritage: times in our collective past (stretching into the present) when citizens of all stripes—across divides of gender, class, and education—were an integral part of understanding and protecting nonhuman nature.

FT-265054-19Research Programs: Summer StipendsLuis M. GonzalezModes of the Tragic in Spanish Cinema6/1/2019 - 7/31/2019$6,000.00LuisM.Gonzalez   Connecticut CollegeNew LondonCT06320-4125USA2019Film History and CriticismSummer StipendsResearch Programs6000060000

Preparation for publication of a book about Spanish film and theories of tragedy, from 1930 to 2016.

Modes of the Tragic in Spanish Cinema is a groundbreaking study that, through a close reading of eleven films by renowned directors such as Florián Rey, Miguel Picazo, Pedro Almodóvar and Paula Ortiz analyzes filmic responses to the tragic and the enduring presence of forms, themes and motifs that belong to the tragic tradition in Spanish cinema. In this book, I argue that a tragic aura permeates many of the films produced in Spain in the 20th and 21st centuries and constitutes not only an essential element of these films but also a key factor in their aesthetic and ideological efficacy and commercial success. This is achieved by evoking an emotional response in the spectators and stirring up feelings of pity and fear that have defined the tragic art since its birth in Greece twenty-five centuries ago. This approach is original since most of the critical work on Spanish Film has been concerned with issues such as national identity, gender, and immigration.

FT-265066-19Research Programs: Summer StipendsRichard C. SutterPolitical, Spatial, and Corporeal Transformations Through Ritualized Violence Among the Ancient Moche (AD 200 – 800) of the North Coast of Peru5/1/2019 - 6/30/2019$6,000.00RichardC.Sutter   Indiana University, Purdue University at Fort WayneFort WayneIN46805-1445USA2019ArchaeologySummer StipendsResearch Programs6000060000

A book manuscript looking at the concept of “sovereignty” in a pre-Columbian civilization in northern Peru as a comparative example for discussing non-state sovereignty today.

I seek funding to help complete a book manuscript that examines how the ancient Moche (AD 200 - 800) of northern Peru used the built environment for performative ritual feasts that involved spectacular violence and human sacrifice of captured, foreign elite combatants as a strategy to assert and extend their sovereignty by making political subjects of participant-witnesses of these public spectacles. I will use the stipend to spend time writing and and expanding on relevant social theory as it relates to recent archaeological survey and excavations as well as my own data on biological relatedness among ancient Moche skeletal populations from throughout the north coast region.

FT-265080-19Research Programs: Summer StipendsClaudia CabelloQueer Networks: Latin American and Spanish Writers, Artists and Patrons in the First Half of the XXth Century5/1/2019 - 7/1/2019$6,000.00Claudia Cabello   University of North Carolina, GreensboroGreensboroNC27412-5068USA2019Gender StudiesSummer StipendsResearch Programs6000060000

Research and writing leading to publication of a book on Latin American and Spanish women writers, artists, and patrons who challenged heterosexual norms of family, sexuality, reproduction, and economic dependency in the first half of the twentieth century.

My book project, Queer Networks: Latin American and Spanish Writers, Artists and Patrons in the First Half of the XXth Century, maps--thanks to mostly unpublished archival documents--a network of queer Latin American and Spanish women artists, writers, and patrons (both well-known and forgotten) who traveled widely and challenged heterosexual norms of family, sexuality, reproduction, and economic dependency. Starting from a broader concept of queerness as developed by Halberstam together with sociological concepts of social networks and network visualization software (Palladio), this project seeks to reconstruct and analyze these queer networks and their impact in the cultural field between 1920 and 1950.

FT-265099-19Research Programs: Summer StipendsAlisa Ballard LinTheatrical Consciousness: Actor and Self in Russian Modernism, 1898-19346/1/2019 - 7/31/2019$6,000.00AlisaBallardLin   Ohio State UniversityColumbusOH43210-1349USA2019Theater History and CriticismSummer StipendsResearch Programs6000060000

A book-length study of the impact of philosophy and psychology on acting and theater in early twentieth-century Russia.

I am applying for NEH funds to complete the archival research and the writing of my book manuscript. The book argues that Russian modernism's radical reinvention of methodologies for theater acting drew on contemporaneous developments in philosophy and psychology to reimagine, via the actor, the broader nature of human consciousness and perception. In turn, I show that the Russian modernist theater directly influenced the development of both philosophy and psychology in the early-Soviet period. Through close study of theoretical writings on the actor, rehearsal notes, plays, and performances from the early-twentieth-century Russian theater, the book demonstrates that Russian modernism treated the theatrical experience as one that is sensory and lived by both actor and spectator, therein anticipating American and European interest in the phenomenology of theater by several decades.

FT-265120-19Research Programs: Summer StipendsMonique M. IngallsCreating Convivial Community through British Gospel Choirs5/10/2019 - 7/9/2019$6,000.00MoniqueM.Ingalls   Baylor UniversityWacoTX76798-7284USA2019EthnomusicologySummer StipendsResearch Programs6000060000

Research and writing leading to publication of an article followed by a monograph about British gospel choirs and interracial relations in the United Kingdom.

Community gospel choirs, often comprised of singers from widely varying backgrounds, have become increasingly widespread in contemporary British society. As such, they provide an important window into interracial and interethnic relations. This project uses oral history interviews and ethnographic participant-observation of British gospel choirs and choir networks to examine the role of gospel choir performance in everyday interracial relations in the United Kingdom. My goal is to determine how shared musical participation in gospel choirs has built interethnic and interracial networks and how participating in gospel choirs influences the way singers understand and navigate racial, ethnic, and cultural difference in their everyday lives. Ultimately, this historical and ethnographic study seeks to elucidate the social roles these gospel choirs perform, and will analyze how this popular, yet previously overlooked, religious choral tradition creates a sense of community across difference.

FT-265139-19Research Programs: Summer StipendsLouis Kaiser EpsteinThe New Patronage: Funding Modernist Music in France, 1918-19397/1/2019 - 8/31/2019$6,000.00LouisKaiserEpstein   St. Olaf CollegeNorthfieldMN55057-1574USA2019Music History and CriticismSummer StipendsResearch Programs6000060000

A book-length study of patronage and modernist music in France, from 1918 to 1939.

In my book, I trace the substantial shifts in patronage that transformed the sounds and meanings of French modernist music between the world wars. These shifts motivate my redefinition of patronage: far from the court- and church-centered employment that produced most art music before 1800, I explore the “new patronage” of the twentieth century, exemplified by disparate funding practices stretching from the philanthropic to the entrepreneurial. I show how shifts in patronage affected not only music but the composers, critics, theater owners, audiences, and institutions that shaped how it was made and understood, leaving behind legacies that continue to shape international art music composition and music philanthropy through the present day.