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Grant program: Fellowships
Date range: 2020-2024

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Page size:
 375 items in 8 pages
Award Number Grant ProgramAward RecipientProject TitleAward PeriodApproved Award Total
Page size:
 375 items in 8 pages
FEL-267194-20Research Programs: FellowshipsSherry RoushThe First Novel Specially Written for Women: An Edition and Translation of Jacopo Caviceo's Peregrino (1508)7/1/2020 - 12/31/2020$30,000.00Sherry Roush   Penn StateUniversity ParkPA16802-1503USA2019Italian LiteratureFellowshipsResearch Programs300000300000

Research and writing leading to the first English translation of the popular early Italian novel Peregrino by Jacopo Caviceo (1508).

A six-month NEH Individual Fellowship will permit the completion of the first-ever English translation from Italian and a substantial critical introduction of Jacopo Caviceo's Peregrino (1508). The European bestseller has been called "the first novel specially written for women" (Letizia Panizza in The Cambridge History of Italian Literature) and was the first prose romance dedicated to a historical woman (Lucrezia Borgia).

FEL-267212-20Research Programs: FellowshipsPeter Joseph KallineyThe Aesthetic Cold War: Decolonization and Global Literature2/1/2020 - 7/31/2020$30,000.00PeterJosephKalliney   University of Kentucky Research FoundationLexingtonKY40506-0004USA2019Literature, GeneralFellowshipsResearch Programs300000300000

Completion of a book on the literary production in Africa, Asia, and the Caribbean under the influence of Cold War politics.

During the Cold War, both the US and the Soviet Union jockeyed for geopolitical influence in what was then called the Third World. The superpowers also competed for intellectual influence by sponsoring literary activities in Africa, Asia, and the Caribbean. The Congress for Cultural Freedom (organized clandestinely by the CIA), the US State Department, and the Soviet Writers' Union funded outreach programs in the decolonizing world, hosting international conferences, establishing publishing houses and magazines, and sponsoring cultural exchange programs. Surprisingly, writers from decolonizing areas did not line up neatly into Cold War camps. As archival research demonstrates, writers were willing to accept patronage from both US and Soviet agencies. This includes some of the leading intellectuals the day, such as Chinua Achebe, Alex La Guma, Wole Soyinka, and Ngugi wa Thiong'o. 

FEL-267217-20Research Programs: FellowshipsIoannis D. EvrigenisThe Modern Conception of Sovereignty: A New Edition of Jean Bodin's The Six Bookes of a Commonweale7/1/2021 - 6/30/2022$60,000.00IoannisD.Evrigenis   Tufts UniversitySomervilleMA02144-2401USA2019Political TheoryFellowshipsResearch Programs600000600000

Editing, research, and writing annotations leading to the publication of an edition of French political philosopher Jean Bodin’s (1530-1596) The Six Bookes of a Commonweale (1576).

Preparation of a new, cleaned-up, annotated edition of Jean Bodin's political treatise The Six Bookes of a Commonweale, which was translated by Richard Knolles in 1606 and is no longer in print, despite its extensive influence on modern political thought.

FEL-267222-20Research Programs: FellowshipsJacob BlancThe Prestes Column Rebellion: An Interior History of Twentieth-Century Brazil9/1/2020 - 8/31/2021$60,000.00Jacob Blanc   University of EdinburghEdinburgh EH8 9AGScotland2019Latin American HistoryFellowshipsResearch Programs600000600000

Research and writing leading to a book on the Prestes Column, a rebellion of military personnel that shook Brazilian politics and ignited the public imagination during the 1920s.

This project offers the first critical reinterpretation of one of the most mythologized events in Brazilian history: the Prestes Column rebellion, when from 1924 to 1927, a group of junior army officers marched nearly 25,000 kilometers through Brazil's vast interior. While existing scholarship has treated the passage through the interior as a backdrop to the rebellion, I focus on the interior regions themselves, exploring how the country's so-called “backlands" served as both a place and a concept in the formation of modern Brazil. By analyzing the rebel passage through the interior and also the meanings attached to that experience afterwards, I will chart the Column's political, conceptual, and geographic significance throughout the twentieth century.My study of the Prestes Column will also serve to develop an entirely new subfield: interior history, an innovative approach for studying Brazil and also Latin America as a whole.

FEL-267225-20Research Programs: FellowshipsLillian GuerraPatriots and Traitors in Revolutionary Cuba, 1961-19818/1/2020 - 7/31/2021$60,000.00Lillian Guerra   University of FloridaGainesvilleFL32611-0001USA2019Latin American HistoryFellowshipsResearch Programs600000600000

Research and writing leading to a book on youth education programs during the Cuban Revolution between 1961 and 1981.

“These children will be patriots or traitors,” a poster declared in 1965 Cuba, “you decide. Teach them the work of the Revolution.” Yet citizens rarely responded to this call with unconditional support. For this reason, in the 1970s, the state turned to “rehabilitation” of citizens through labor camps, Soviet pedagogy designed to create a “Communist personality in every child” and finally, Fidel’s launch of the Mariel Boatlift in 1980—a policy to rid Cuba of critics accused of lacking “revolutionary genes”. What was it like to grow up in this Cuba? How did leaders go from “teaching the work of the Revolution” to repression and exclusion? Through unused archives and oral history, I delve into the mechanisms through which grassroots support was constructed and challenged. Finding that the burdens of revolutionary citizenship often blurred lines, I illuminate an ironically apolitical nation within the binary of patriot vs. traitor: there, a creative, collective individualism thrived.

FEL-267248-20Research Programs: FellowshipsGregory Peter BarnhiselThe Professor Was a Spy: A Biography of Norman Holmes Pearson (1909-1975), American Literary Scholar7/1/2021 - 6/30/2022$60,000.00GregoryPeterBarnhisel   Duquesne UniversityPittsburghPA15282-0001USA2019Cultural HistoryFellowshipsResearch Programs600000600000

Research and writing leading to a cultural biography of Norman Holmes Pearson (1909-1975), a proponent of literary modernism, a U.S. intelligence operative, and a founding father of American Studies.

As a scholar, teacher, networker, and spy, Norman Holmes Pearson's influence in 20th century American culture was profound, although barely known. With this NEH fellowship, I will complete my biography of Pearson. But this is a cultural biography, using Pearson’s life, experiences, and accomplishments to illustrate the evolution of American society from the 1920s to the 1970s, with a particular focus on how elite culture came together in the 1940s and 1950s to advance a political, cultural, and aesthetic vision of America, and how that consensus fell apart with Vietnam.

FEL-267252-20Research Programs: FellowshipsMichele Marie GreetAbstract Art in the Andes, 1950-19709/1/2020 - 8/31/2021$60,000.00MicheleMarieGreet   George Mason UniversityFairfaxVA22030-4444USA2019Art History and CriticismFellowshipsResearch Programs600000600000

Research and writing of a book about 20th-century abstract art from the Andean countries Bolivia, Ecuador, and Peru.

Informalist abstraction (also referred to as gestural or lyrical abstraction) emerged as a dominant trend in Andean art in the 1950s and 1960s, simultaneous to and in dialogue with the advent of this variant of abstraction in Europe and the United States. Yet Andean artists declared abstraction as their heritage and, by working in this manner, they believed that were finally disengaging themselves from the legacies of colonialism, assuming and transforming an aesthetic that was already rightfully theirs. This investigation will examine the nuances of postwar Andean artists’ references to pre-Columbian abstract designs, the politics and implications of this posture at home and in the international art world, and its effectiveness as an aesthetic strategy in these spheres.

FEL-267328-20Research Programs: FellowshipsKarline Marie McLainGandhi's Ashrams: Residential Experiments for Universal Wellbeing2/1/2020 - 7/31/2020$30,000.00KarlineMarieMcLain   Bucknell UniversityLewisburgPA17837-2005USA2019South Asian StudiesFellowshipsResearch Programs300000300000

Research and writing a history of four utopian communities, established by Mohandas Gandhi in South Africa and India between 1904 and 1936, which provided a model for his social thought and politics.

Gandhi is known worldwide for his nonviolent fight for India’s independence from colonial rule. Lesser known are his utopian residential experiments conducted at the intentional communities, or ashrams, that he founded in South Africa and India: Phoenix Settlement (est. 1904), Tolstoy Farm (est. 1910), Sabarmati Ashram (est. 1915), and Sevagram Ashram (est. 1936). Residents engaged in small-scale experiments with ideals and methods for living a just life that Gandhi would apply to larger-scale social, religious, and political problems. This book focuses on the communal observances undertaken by Gandhi and his co-residents to illuminate the evolution of Gandhi’s concept of sarvodaya, universal wellbeing. It argues: First, that voluntary self-control, which at times bled into self-sacrifice, was central to Gandhi’s utopian philosophy of sarvodaya; and second, that Gandhi’s intentional communities were the necessary conditions for his experiments with and articulation of that philosophy.

FEL-267334-20Research Programs: FellowshipsJuliet Benham WiersemaThe History of a Periphery: Spanish Colonial Cartography from Colombia’s Pacific Lowlands, 1710-18109/1/2020 - 8/31/2021$60,000.00JulietBenhamWiersema   University of Texas, San AntonioSan AntonioTX78249-1644USA2019Art History and CriticismFellowshipsResearch Programs600000600000

Research and writing leading to a book on unpublished maps depicting the economic life of free and enslaved Africans in Nueva Granada (modern-day Colombia) during the 18th century.

This book-length project tells a new story about frontier regions, nature, and the limits of empire. It illuminates the pivotal role that African and indigenous inhabitants played in the economy of a gold mining region in the Viceroyalty of Nueva Granada during the last century of Spanish colonial rule. Drawing from unpublished manuscript maps and archival documents, this project reconstructs little-studied communities that existed beyond the margins of the colonial system and reveals an alternate view of the Spanish empire, one with distinct protagonists and different priorities than previously understood. This project highlights how rivers—ubiquitous in this region—acted as a channel for contraband, a lifeline to miners, and a pathway to freedom for African slaves.

FEL-267379-20Research Programs: FellowshipsSharon Ann MurphyBanking on Slavery in the Antebellum American South1/1/2021 - 7/31/2021$35,000.00SharonAnnMurphy   Providence CollegeProvidenceRI02918-7000USA2019U.S. HistoryFellowshipsResearch Programs350000350000

Completion of a book on the relationship between banking and slavery in the antebellum South.

This project focuses on the conscious choices made by bankers to directly, knowingly, and explicitly interact with the slave system. My research reveals that southern commercial banks accepted slaves as collateral for loans, helped underwrite the sale of slaves, and sold slave property as part of foreclosure proceedings. Commercial bank involvement with slavery occurred throughout the antebellum period and across the South, placing southern banks at the heart of the domestic slave trade. This project will result in the first major monograph on the relationship between banking and slavery, as well as serving as a corrective to the conclusions of several scholars collectively called the “new historians of capitalism.” Most banks limited their direct involvement with slavery, demonstrating that capitalism did not need slavery to develop. Slavery was intricately, but not inevitably, tied up with the capitalist system.

FEL-267414-20Research Programs: FellowshipsRachel GabaraReclaiming Realism: From Documentary Film in Africa to African Documentary Film7/1/2020 - 6/30/2021$60,000.00Rachel Gabara   University of GeorgiaAthensGA30602-0001USA2019Film History and CriticismFellowshipsResearch Programs600000600000

Completion of a book about the history of documentary filmmaking in West and Central Africa, from the French colonial period to the present.

The first book in English to focus on African documentary, “Reclaiming Realism” will explore the aesthetic, sociopolitical, and historical development of nonfiction film in West and Central Africa. For over half a century, French colonial documentary claimed to capture the truth about Africa and Africans. After independence, African filmmakers reclaimed the cinema and their cinematic image by experimenting with documentary content, voice and style. This project will demonstrate the vital importance of documentary first to French colonialism, then to a post-independence reframing of African identities and modes of filmic discourse. A transnational study that highlights the complex interactions between colonial and postcolonial cinemas, “Reclaiming Realism” intervenes in contemporary critical debates about global documentary and the very nature of filmic representations of reality.

FEL-267420-20Research Programs: FellowshipsAdrian Dominic JohnsThe Information Defense Industry: A History7/1/2020 - 6/30/2021$60,000.00AdrianDominicJohns   University of ChicagoChicagoIL60637-5418USA2019History of ScienceFellowshipsResearch Programs600000600000

Research and writing leading to a book on the history of individual privacy and intellectual property from the Renaissance to the present.

The information defense industry is the enterprise that works to uphold information and intellectual property in today’s world. A composite global enterprise involving major corporations, policing institutions, and public agencies, it uses technology, enforcement, litigation, and lobbying to combat counterfeiting and piracy of all kinds. The industry has coalesced in the last 50 years out of disparate forces that had existed for centuries. It now plays a major, but largely unacknowledged, role in shaping the information society itself. I propose writing the first history of this industry. Starting with the guild practices of the European Renaissance, it will reveal the long and contentious process that has led from them to today’s sophisticated enterprise. My book should help us understand how the defining issues of our information politics – those concerning privacy, security, authenticity, and property – attained their current form, and thereby help us devise ways of tackling them.

FEL-267436-20Research Programs: FellowshipsEric HayotAn Inquiry into Humanist Reason7/1/2020 - 6/30/2021$60,000.00Eric Hayot   Penn StateUniversity ParkPA16802-1503USA2019Literary CriticismFellowshipsResearch Programs600000600000

Completion of a book on the philosophical history of the divide between humanities, social sciences, and science, and the future of humanistic thought.

This project first describes, and then revises, our understanding of how scholars in the humanities think -- how they use evidence, how they argue, how they come to the truth. It begins with an exploration of the philosophical roots of humanist epistemology in the formation of the modern, tripartite university (characterized by the division into the sciences, the humanities, and the social sciences). It continues through an exploration of the Kantian roots of that philosophy, and closes with "articles of reason:" a list of principles that most humanists today believe in and practice in their scholarship and teaching. Against caricatures of the humanities as ideologically motivated, or even well-meaning descriptions of humanist work as subjectively oriented toward the individual or the unique, this project makes the case for the humanities as reason, as a critical social form of thinking and argument that is, like every other such form, supported (and changed) by the evidence it makes.

FEL-267442-20Research Programs: FellowshipsHannah MarcusThe Limits of Life in Early Modern Europe (1450-1700)2/1/2020 - 7/31/2020$30,000.00Hannah Marcus   President and Fellows of Harvard CollegeCambridgeMA02138-3800USA2019Renaissance HistoryFellowshipsResearch Programs300000300000

We are living longer and longer. However, contrary to popular opinion, longevity is not a uniquely modern phenomenon. The Limits of Life explores the cultural and scientific world of advanced old age in early modern Europe (1450-1700). While many in this period were particularly intrigued by the possibility of extending human life, physicians and natural philosophers were also deeply concerned about the political, philosophical, ecological, and social implications of longevity. Expanding beyond the historical demography of Renaissance Italy, my research builds on recent scholarship interested in the cultural and medical history of death and dying. My research probes the ways that ideas about mortality and longevity crossed between elite spaces and popular discourse both in print and through well-documented encounters with the bodies of the aged. Longevity, as both a goal and a lived reality, revealed the religious, social, and embodied limits of early modern life.

FEL-267473-20Research Programs: FellowshipsDorit Bar-OnExpression, Communication, and Origins of Meaning1/1/2021 - 12/31/2021$60,000.00Dorit Bar-On   University of ConnecticutStorrsCT06269-9000USA2019Philosophy, GeneralFellowshipsResearch Programs600000600000

Completion of a book on the origins of language.

We humans are not the only minded creatures in the world. Nonhuman animals, too, can have various states of mind, both affective and cognitive. But, as far as we know, we are the only creatures who speak their minds. How could this come to pass? How could some animals – descendants of speechless animals – come to develop the capacity to speak their minds? My project aims to offer an original philosophical perspective on the long-standing puzzle of the origins of linguistic meaning. The project integrates conceptual tools and theoretical insights from philosophy, linguistics, comparative psychology, anthropology, biology of communication, and cognitive science.

FEL-267498-20Research Programs: FellowshipsRobin E. JensenA Rhetorical History of Women Shaping the Trajectory of Fertility Science, 1870-19708/1/2020 - 7/31/2021$60,000.00RobinE.Jensen   University of UtahSalt Lake CityUT84112-9049USA2019CommunicationsFellowshipsResearch Programs600000600000

Research and writing leading to a book on the rhetorical practices of three American women involved in the study of fertility.

This rhetorical history project analyzes the scientific, public, and interpersonal communication of three women who were central to the development and implementation of fertility science as it is known today. Reformer Julia Ward Howe, psychoanalyst Helene Deutsch, and gynecologist Sophia Kleegman communicated from different social locations and time periods to push back against—and contribute to—scientific orthodoxy. I contend that the fissures they created in scholarly and mainstream discourses about reproductive health functioned to expand the scope of infertility diagnosis and treatment regimens, and to loosen long-held clinical beliefs about women as the central players in fertility related ills. This analysis identifies the discursive strategies that these actors employed to intervene in fertility studies and demonstrates how interventions in science often unfold not in terms of revolutions but in terms of multimodal, nonlinear, and longitudinal communicative negotiations.

FEL-267501-20Research Programs: FellowshipsElizabeth Marie DuquetteA Biography of American Author Elizabeth Stuart Phelps (1844-1911)9/1/2020 - 8/31/2021$60,000.00ElizabethMarieDuquette   Gettysburg CollegeGettysburgPA17325-1483USA2019American LiteratureFellowshipsResearch Programs600000600000

Research and writing of an intellectual and cultural biography of American author Elizabeth Stuart Phelps (1844-1911).

Elizabeth Stuart Phelps (1844-1911) was a bestselling and influential US author across the second half of the nineteenth century. Her most famous book, The Gates Ajar (1868), presented a vision of heaven that continues to shape expectations about the afterlife to this day. A voice for reform and an advocate for the rights of women, Phelps was a peer of the male authors who still dominate the late-century canon, publishing alongside them in periodicals and volumes. Despite her talents as a writer and her contributions to American intellectual history, there is no critical biography of this important author: "Elizabeth Stuart Phelps: The Woman Who Invented Heaven" will correct this oversight. Drawing on archival research and published histories, the biography will introduce Phelps to a general audience, locating her life and works in a rich account of US culture, and provide scholars with a synthetic account of this prominent figure in American literary history.

FEL-267507-20Research Programs: FellowshipsSimon R. DoubledayChristian Spain before the Crusades: Power and Pragmatism in Eleventh-Century Iberia9/1/2020 - 8/31/2021$60,000.00SimonR.Doubleday   Hofstra UniversityHempsteadNY11549-1000USA2019Medieval HistoryFellowshipsResearch Programs600000600000

Research and writing leading to a book on relations between 11th-century Christian rulers of León and the Islamic states of al-Andalus.

The dangerous perception that medieval Europe was a theater of implacable holy war and that Spain was the arena of religiously-driven Reconquista is widespread. This project questions this perception through a study of the Iberian realms of León, Galicia, and Castile in the eleventh century, under Fernando I (1037-65) and Queen Sancha (d. 1067); it will be the first study of the reign in English. The period is often seen as one in which their Christian kingdom gained the upper hand over the weaker Islamic states of al-Andalus. Historians have generally believed that Fernando aspired to imperial authority in Iberia, developed a close relationship with the French monastic order of Cluny, and exerted dominance over the Islamic states to the south. This project challenges all these presumptions. Through an original analysis of royal charters and narrative sources, it traces the pragmatic nature of power and a geopolitical environment in which religious identity was by no means paramount.

FEL-267532-20Research Programs: FellowshipsElisa CamiscioliTrafficking, Travel, and Illicit Migration in the Early Twentieth-Century French Atlantic World6/1/2020 - 5/31/2021$60,000.00Elisa Camiscioli   SUNY Research Foundation, BinghamtonBinghamtonNY13902-4400USA2019Immigration HistoryFellowshipsResearch Programs600000600000

Research and writing leading to a book on the history of trafficking between France and the Americas in the early 20th century.

This project investigates early twentieth-century debates on trafficking through the lens of migration history, and how women’s mobility raised key questions about the distinction between free movement and unauthorized migrations. The “traffic in women” generated copious documentation on such themes as border policing, passport controls, immigration law, deportation, and repatriation. In addition, letters written by ostensibly trafficked women, their families, and members of criminal networks reveal the lived experience of these migrations. Focusing primarily on the transatlantic route between France and the Americas, the project situates both the discourse and experience of early twentieth-century trafficking within a longer history of free and unfree labor, sex work, mobility, and globalization. It thereby deepens our understanding of human trafficking, one of the most visible and controversial human rights issues of our time.

FEL-267537-20Research Programs: FellowshipsDeborah LutzPaper Art and Craft: Victorian Writers and Their Materials2/1/2020 - 8/31/2020$35,000.00Deborah Lutz   University of LouisvilleLouisvilleKY40292-0001USA2019British LiteratureFellowshipsResearch Programs350000350000

Research and writing of a book on 19th-century poets, novelists, and artist who used the materials of writing and everyday life as inspiration for their work.

This project considers 19th-century British authors who used the materials of writing for inspiration and experimentation: Charlotte Brontë composing poems in the margins of printed books, George Eliot jotting ideas on her blotter, E.B. Browning sewing paper to paper to edit her poems, or Jane Austen using straight pins to “cut and paste.” Albums, journals, and notebooks play central roles, as embodied, haptic spaces where writers created text-and-collage gifts for friends, stored material memories, or collected appropriated words. Paper crafts and needlework served as text composition outside the bounds of ink and pen, and writing’s platforms—desk, slate, wall—mattered. This expanded view of what creativity with textual things meant was common, but the writers discussed here were excessive in their undoing, encrypting, and reusing. Their attention to seemingly insignificant details has been overlooked, primarily because such details have been aligned with the feminine and domestic.

FEL-267539-20Research Programs: FellowshipsJessica MaierThe Cartography of Conflict: Maps, News, and the Visual Arts in Early Modern Europe7/1/2020 - 6/30/2021$60,000.00Jessica Maier   Mount Holyoke CollegeSouth HadleyMA01075-1461USA2019Theater History and CriticismFellowshipsResearch Programs600000600000

Preparation of a book on 16th-17th-century European prints depicting maps and battles that functioned as an early form of news reports.

This project addresses a treasure trove of material: scores of printed “news maps” of sieges and battles that proliferated in early modern Europe. Issued hastily by publishers in cities throughout Europe, these works depicted current events in their geographical context, reporting history as it unfolded. They are a key early form of the news—a visual form—that decisively shaped people’s views about conflict and external threat, and even influenced painted battle scenes in elite halls of state. Their implications for our understanding of early modern culture are considerable. News maps helped to build a sense of collective identity along proto-nationalist lines, while fueling a burgeoning awareness of contemporaneity: a notion that has been considered a hallmark of modernity. In probing these larger themes, this study will go beyond addressing a neglected genre to provide new insight into how, where, and why information is deemed culturally relevant, travels, and becomes visual history.

FEL-267540-20Research Programs: FellowshipsAurelian CraiutuModeration and the Rise of Democracy in France, 1830-19008/1/2021 - 7/31/2022$60,000.00Aurelian Craiutu   Trustees of Indiana UniversityBloomingtonIN47405-7000USA2019Political TheoryFellowshipsResearch Programs600000600000

Building upon the conceptual framework outlined in my previous book A Virtue for Courageous Minds: Moderation in French Political Thought, 1748-1830 (Princeton, 2012), this new interdisciplinary project fills a significant gap in the existing literature on French 19tth-century political thought. It explores how post-revolutionary thinkers (A. de Tocqueville, V. Cousin, F. Guizot, C. de Rémusat, liberal Catholics, É. Laboulaye, and J. Ferry) used the legacy of the French Revolution to build new representative institutions and promote key reforms, most notably in the field of education. The project also addresses several important contemporary concerns. I argue that far from being of mere historical interest, moderation is particularly relevant in an eclectic age such as ours, because it can also serve as a powerful normative stance in the fight against new forms of political extremism and religious fundamentalism.

FEL-267541-20Research Programs: FellowshipsAshley Dawn FarmerA Biography of Audley Moore (d. 1997): Mother of Black Nationalism1/1/2021 - 12/31/2021$60,000.00AshleyDawnFarmer   University of Texas, AustinAustinTX78712-0100USA2019African American HistoryFellowshipsResearch Programs600000600000

Research and writing leading to a biography of black nationalist Audley Moore (1890s-1997), whose political life spanned much of the 20th century’s black nationalist movement.

If Rosa Parks was the mother of the civil rights movement, then Audley Moore midwifed modern black nationalism. Indeed, Moore created or was involved in many of the major movement moments and organizations now considered to be central to 20th century black radical organizing from the 1920s to the 1990s. Queen Mother” Audley Moore: Mother of Black Nationalism is the first full length biography of Moore—one of the most influential yet understudied activists and thinkers of the 20th century. The book examines Moore’s life and activism from the 1890s until her death in 1997 and argues that she was an important but overlooked progenitor of 20th century black radical thought whose organizing approaches and ideas became the architecture of modern radical black activism. Using Moore as a thread, the book offers a wide-ranging history of twentieth-century black nationalist movements, moments, and organizations, foregrounding black women’s roles in creating a sustained ideological tradition.

FEL-267547-20Research Programs: FellowshipsMaya MaskarinecDomesticating Saints in Medieval and Early Modern Rome7/1/2021 - 6/30/2022$60,000.00Maya Maskarinec   University of Southern CaliforniaLos AngelesCA90089-0012USA2019Medieval HistoryFellowshipsResearch Programs600000600000

Research and writing leading to a book on how prominent families in late medieval and early modern Rome appropriated Christian saints and hagiography into their own histories to further their moral and political authority.

This project investigates the "domestication" of Christian sanctity in medieval and early modern Rome. In the course of the Middle Ages, there developed a pronounced sense that churches and their saints belonged to specific regions, neighborhoods, and even families. This "emplacement" of medieval families and medieval saints, coupled with a resurgent interest in Rome’s Christian antiquity and a heightened attentiveness to noble lineages, culminated in Roman families weaving themselves, genealogically and materially, into Rome’s Christian past. Saintly lineages blossomed, as did the identification of churches as the former residences of early Christian and late antique saints—cementing presumed links between place, descent and moral worth.

FEL-267550-20Research Programs: FellowshipsJohn HighA Translation and Commentary of The Voronezh Notebooks by Russian Poet Osip Mandelstam (1891-1938)5/1/2020 - 4/30/2021$60,000.00John High   Long Island UniversityBrooklynNY11201-5301USA2019American LiteratureFellowshipsResearch Programs600000600000

Preparation of an English-language translation and critical edition of the Voronezh Notebooks by the Russian poet Osip Mandelstam (1891-1938).

The project is a critical English-language edition of the Voronezh Notebooks of Osip Mandelstam, one of Russia’s most significant 20th-century poets. These poems, written during his exile, in a period between destitution and hope, mark the moment of Mandelstam's crossing from modernist tradition to postmodern poetics, and his negotiation of individuality and collectivity in the precarious political context of Stalin's 1930s. Relying on recently available archival material and manuscript versions, and a wealth of scholarship written in the post-Soviet period, the proposed edition would offer new translations and contextualizing commentary on Mandelstam’s crowning poetic achievement, providing the general reader as well as scholars with pertinent bibliographic information, a timeline of the poet's life, relevant documents from his NKVD files, and comparisons between early publications and contemporary authoritative editions.

FEL-267562-20Research Programs: FellowshipsMichela AndreattaAn Edition and Translation of Toffeh 'Arukh (Hell Arrayed) by Oses Zacuto (1620-1697)4/1/2020 - 12/31/2020$45,000.00Michela Andreatta   University of RochesterRochesterNY14627-0001USA2019Near and Middle Eastern LiteratureFellowshipsResearch Programs450000450000

Research and writing the first English translation-edition of the 17th-century Hebrew poem Tofteh ‘Arukh (Hell Arrayed) by rabbi-scholar Moses Zacuto.

Written at the height of the Italian Counter Reformation, Tofteh ‘Arukh (Hell Arrayed) by rabbi-scholar Moses Zacuto (Amsterdam, c. 1620-Mantua, 1697) is a 925-line dramatic poem in Hebrew graphically depicting the hereafter of sinners according to Kabbalah, or Jewish mysticism. Despite its popularity among Jewish readership of the pre-modern era and being generally considered a milestone in the history of Hebrew literary culture, it has never been translated into English, nor has it been the subject of thorough scholarly investigation in English. Sitting at the intersection of textual studies and historical and literary criticism, the project intends to make Tofteh ‘Arukh accessible to the English reader by offering the first-ever complete annotated English translation of the original Hebrew text. The translation will be supplemented by introductory essays framing Zacuto’s work against the cultural ambience of early modern Jewish Italy in which it was produced, read, and circulated.

FEL-267576-20Research Programs: FellowshipsSusan Elizabeth GagliardiMapping Senufo: African Art History and the Art-Historical Monograph in the Era of Digital Publication2/1/2020 - 8/31/2020$35,000.00SusanElizabethGagliardi   Emory UniversityAtlantaGA30322-1018USA2019African StudiesFellowshipsResearch Programs350000350000

Preparation of a digital publication that analyzes and reinterprets the term “Senufo,” a designation used for an important class of artworks from West Africa.

Mapping Senufo—an in-progress, collaborative, born-digital publication project I initiated and now co-direct—contributes to my larger effort to forge alternate possibilities for how scholars study “traditional” arts of Africa and present findings to broad audiences. Mapping Senufo also reflects a commitment to taking seriously the long-established understanding that a marker of identity, like the labeling of an art style or knowledge itself, is historically constituted, fluid, and positional. The multimodal, digital publication that the project team is developing will exemplify in its form the contingent nature of identities, art style labeling, and knowledge production. With a seven-month NEH-Mellon Fellowship for Digital Publication, I will generate text for the publication’s introduction and a chapter-equivalent section of it, and I will lead the project team in completing the chapter-equivalent section to submit to Stanford University Press for review.

FEL-267597-20Research Programs: FellowshipsEric Scott GardnerFrances E.W. Harper's Civil War and Reconstruction: A Biographical and Literary Study of a 19th-Century African American Writer, Orator, and Activist1/1/2021 - 12/31/2021$60,000.00EricScottGardner   Saginaw Valley State UniversityUniversity CenterMI48710-0001USA2019American LiteratureFellowshipsResearch Programs600000600000

Research and writing of a book on Frances Ellen Watkins Harper (1825-1911), African American author, orator, abolitionist, suffragist, and civil rights leader.

With the support of an NEH Fellowship, I will complete the first book-length study of the Civil War and Reconstruction-era work of African American writer, speaker, and activist Frances Ellen Watkins Harper (1825-1911). Harper’s career—especially the critical period between 1861 and 1877—remains surprisingly understudied, even though her efforts shaped African American literature, abolitionism, suffrage and civil rights struggles, the temperance movement, the Black press, and American lyceum culture. Beyond either traditional biography or collection of close readings, my book will explore how Harper claimed these nation-shaking moments as her own, both creating and critiquing public assessments of the war and its aftermath. It will argue that she forged a deeply intersectional praxis of public life that engaged the communities around her and that modeled the citizenship she demanded for herself and for other African Americans.

FEL-267640-20Research Programs: FellowshipsAnne S. RubinConfederate Hunger: Food and Famine in the Civil War South, 1861-18678/1/2020 - 7/31/2021$60,000.00AnneS.Rubin   UMBCBaltimoreMD21250-0001USA2019U.S. HistoryFellowshipsResearch Programs600000600000

Research leading to a book about the impact of food shortages on food culture in the Civil War South.

Confederate Hunger: Food and Famine in the Civil War South is an exploration of hunger, starvation, and the myriad meanings of food in the Civil War-era South. I use culinary history, particularly as it pertains to Southern food shortages, as a lens into questions of nationalism, resistance, migration, and public welfare. My work is animated by the deceptively simple question: What do people eat when they are starving? And how does that experience shift depending on place, time, and circumstance? This project focuses exclusively on the eleven states of the Confederacy, because of the impact that war and environment had on this agricultural region.

FEL-267650-20Research Programs: FellowshipsLorrin Reed ThomasLatinos, the Civil Rights Movement, and the Making of Multiracial America After the 1960s7/1/2020 - 6/30/2021$60,000.00LorrinReedThomas   Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, CamdenCamdenNJ08102-1405USA2019Latino HistoryFellowshipsResearch Programs600000600000

Research and writing leading to a book on the Latino involvement in the Civil Rights Movement between 1968 and 1984.

Minority: Latinos and the Making of Multiracial America after the 1960s offers a full account of Latinos’ centrality to the struggles over law and policy that reconfigured American society after the 1960s. The book will argue that Latino activism and leadership contributed substantially to the outcome of major domestic conflicts and debates during the long decade of the 1970s: battles over school desegregation and busing, political redistricting, affirmative action in employment, and access to higher education, as well as ongoing protests against police brutality and disagreements over the causes of growing urban poverty. The real impact of the major changes that took shape in American society during the 1970s--the coda to the conventionally-defined civil rights movement--cannot be understood without expanding this national story to incorporate Latinos as central historical actors.

FEL-267657-20Research Programs: FellowshipsMarcus FolchA Cultural History of Incarceration and the Prison in Greece and Rome9/1/2020 - 8/31/2021$60,000.00Marcus Folch   Columbia UniversityNew YorkNY10027-7922USA2019Classical HistoryFellowshipsResearch Programs600000600000

Research and writing leading to a book on the social and political history of prisons in the ancient Greco-Roman world.

The first comprehensive study in English of the development of prisons in the ancient Greco-Roman Mediterranean. Combining archaeological, historiographical, legal, and literary evidence, this book offers a systematic examination of the earliest evidence for the emergence of prisons in Archaic Greece. It examines forms of incarceration, such as debt bondage and slavery, which predated, coexisted alongside, and supplied conceptual, legal, and linguistic frameworks within which early prisons were understood. It presents historical analysis of the state prison in Athens and the Classical Athenian prisoner population. And it examines the uses of incarceration in Roman law and the proliferation of prisons as an instrument of imperial administration in the Roman Empire, showing that these prisons served as the site of complex negotiations of authority among the imperial center located in Rome, provincial governors who oversaw the administration of prisons, and local populations.

FEL-267666-20Research Programs: FellowshipsLeor Edward HaleviEveryday Salafism in an Entangled World: The Saudi Spirit of Global Exchange in the Age of Bin Baz2/1/2020 - 7/31/2020$30,000.00LeorEdwardHalevi   Vanderbilt UniversityNashvilleTN37203-2416USA2019Near and Middle Eastern HistoryFellowshipsResearch Programs300000300000

Research and writing a book on the effects of economic pressures on religious principles, specifically how Salafist Islam has adapted to economic growth and globalization.

My book project is about the impact of global economic exchanges on an Islamic movement. Oil deposits and world trade radically changed Saudi Arabia, one of the poorest and most isolated nations in the 1930s, into one of the world’s leading importers of goods and services by the end of the twentieth century. I will analyze the effect of these and other economic changes on Salafism, a religious movement dedicated to reviving the doctrines and practices of the first Muslims. Specifically, I will focus on the codes of conduct that Salafist clerics designed to guide lay Muslims in everyday economic activities not only in Saudi Arabia but throughout the world. Political scientists and historians have studied the spread of Salafism across national borders and the emergence of rival Salafist schools. But they have not examined, as I will in this book, the ways that Salafists have tried to reconcile moral and material pursuits in the context of economic globalization.

FEL-267717-20Research Programs: FellowshipsSamantha BaskindMoses Jacob Ezekiel (1844-1917): The Life of a Confederate, Expatriate, Jewish Sculptor6/1/2020 - 5/31/2021$60,000.00Samantha Baskind   Cleveland State UniversityClevelandOH44115-2214USA2019Art History and CriticismFellowshipsResearch Programs600000600000

Research and writing of a book on the life and work of the Jewish American sculptor Moses Jacob Ezekiel (1844-1917).

Largely forgotten today, sculptor Moses Jacob Ezekiel (1844-1917), a figure with a life story holding drama rivaling that recently brought to light about Alexander Hamilton, was the first Jewish American artist to earn international acclaim. This study will examine the influence of Ezekiel’s singular life on his sculpture, which is imbued with elements of both his Southern and Jewish roots as well as his expatriate experience in Italy. Reciprocally, Ezekiel’s life and art offer access to a range of political, cultural, social, and religious issues crucial to the 19th century and how they intersect with visual culture. These include the aftermath of the Civil War and post-Emancipation race relations, the Jewish American assimilation experience, and radical changes in the art world. Investigation of Ezekiel’s significant body of work addressing the Confederacy is closely tied to the current, very public, and fraught national debate on the place of Confederate monuments on American soil.

FEL-267719-20Research Programs: FellowshipsEthan W. RisThe Origins of American Higher Education Reform, 1890-19362/1/2020 - 7/31/2020$30,000.00EthanW.Ris   University of Nevada, RenoRenoNV89557-0001USA2019U.S. HistoryFellowshipsResearch Programs300000300000

Completion of a book on higher education reform movements in the United States during the Progressive Era.

A historical examination of the first iteration of sustained, systemic reform efforts directed at American colleges and universities, based on new archival research. The project identifies a cohort of reformers, the "academic engineers," who derived their power and prominence from the earliest permanently endowed philanthropic foundations. The academic engineers attempted to constrain the ambitions of both institutions and students, but fell short in the face of mounting bottom-up resistance. Still, they left a legacy that includes key infrastructural developments like the community college, as well as a logic of reform that lives on, focused on efficiency, accountability, and utility.

FEL-267727-20Research Programs: FellowshipsNathaniel ComfortA Biography of James D. Watson (b. 1928), American Molecular Biologist and Geneticist3/1/2020 - 2/28/2021$60,000.00Nathaniel Comfort   Johns Hopkins UniversityBaltimoreMD21218-2608USA2019History of ScienceFellowshipsResearch Programs600000600000

Research and writing leading to the publication of a biography of James D. Watson, one of the leaders in genetic science and a controversial public intellectual.

This project is to write the first critical biography of James Watson, co-discoverer of the DNA double helix and among the most consequential figures of recent American intellectual and cultural history. Drawing upon voluminous, often-untapped archival sources, interviews, and more than 20 years acquaintance with Watson, I will present a nuanced portrait of this complex, often troubling man. As a scientist, educator, administrator, director of the Human Genome Project, and public figure, Watson promoted the idea that DNA is the "secret of life," instilling it in the heart of science, medicine, and popular culture. But since 2007, he has become notorious for making racist comments about genes and intelligence. This book, under contract with Basic/Perseus, will set Watson’s rise and fall within the history of science and American political and cultural history, and will contribute to crucial, contemporary public conversations about genetics, health, eugenics, race, and identity.

FEL-267737-20Research Programs: FellowshipsHélène Effie BilisLa Princesse de Clèves (The Princess of Clèves) by Marie-Madeleine de Lafayette: A Digital Critical Edition of a 17th-Century French Novel2/1/2020 - 8/31/2020$35,000.00HélèneEffieBilis   Wellesley CollegeWellesleyMA02481-8203USA2019French LanguageFellowshipsResearch Programs350000350000

Preparation of a digital critical edition and translation of the 17th-century French novel La Princesse de Clèves by Marie-Madeleine de Lafayette.

Questioning purported “universal theories of digital technologies,” a key aim of this project is to present a model for North American DH [digital humanities] projects, useful to graduate and scholarly audiences, but above all accessible to undergraduates, that focuses on non-Anglophone materials, while furthering scholarly understanding of a classic early modern text. In creating a digital platform for investigating the seventeenth-century novel, La Princesse de Clèves, I offer a liberal arts approach to combining modern language and DH methods by active engagement pedagogies to realize a richer, more global, trans-disciplinary and trans-linguistic DH experience. The approach to the interactive Princesse de Clèves publication will enable viewers to observe how cultural and linguistic differences shape the kinds of questions DH practitioners pose, as well as the methods and materials they draw from.

FEL-267745-20Research Programs: FellowshipsKatharine GerbnerConstructing Religion, Defining Crime: Slavery, Power, and Belief in Colonial America1/1/2021 - 12/31/2021$60,000.00Katharine Gerbner   University of MinnesotaMinneapolisMN55455-2009USA2019History of ReligionFellowshipsResearch Programs600000600000

Research and writing leading to a book on the development of ideas about religion and religious freedom in colonial America as they were shaped by slavery and the criminalization of black religious practices.

Religious freedom is one of the founding principles of American democracy. But what do we mean when we talk about “religion”? And how do we distinguish “religion” from “superstition” or “witchcraft”? Most importantly, who gets to decide what counts as a religion and what is a superstition – or a crime? My research, “Constructing Religion, Defining Crime: Slavery, Power and Belief,” examines how modern ideas about religion and freedom emerged within a colonial slave society. It shows how the institution of slavery made some religious practices criminal, while others were deemed legitimate. African diasporic religions were especially targeted for persecution and defined as rebellious. Examining this complex dynamic between race, belief, and danger shows that we must examine the history of slavery in order to understand the meaning of religion and the concept of religious freedom.

FEL-267748-20Research Programs: FellowshipsDanna AgmonA World at Court: Nested Legality and French Empire across the Indian Ocean7/1/2020 - 6/30/2021$60,000.00Danna Agmon   Virginia TechBlacksburgVA24061-2000USA2019European HistoryFellowshipsResearch Programs600000600000

Research and writing leading to a book on the French Empire’s legal system in the Indian Ocean.

“A World at Court: Nested Legality and French Empire across the Indian Ocean” is about the local litigants and colonial officials who transformed the practice of law in French colonies in the Indian Ocean in the 18th and 19th centuries. It offers an account of French and French-administered “native” courts of law in India, Réunion, and Mauritius. It unearths the permeability of law to novel modes of bringing suits, deciding verdicts, and enacting legal power. Across a geography that integrates South Asia, the Indian Ocean, Africa, and Europe, it charts transformations in colonial legal practice by analyzing judicial interactions that did not quite follow the letter of the law. It argues that French courts in the Indian Ocean relied on local modes of dispute resolution, even in jurisdictions that purportedly relied on European legal codes. They did so by courting local intervention at every stage of the judicial process, thus allowing alternative legal sites “nest” within French courts.

FEL-267749-20Research Programs: FellowshipsAmy ReadingA Literary Biography of Katharine S. White (1892-1977), Editor of The New Yorker2/1/2020 - 1/31/2021$60,000.00Amy Reading    Slaterville SpringsNY14881USA2019American LiteratureFellowshipsResearch Programs600000600000

Completion of a biography of Katharine S. White (1892-1977), writer and editor for The New Yorker.

Katharine S. White Edits The New Yorker is a literary biography of the unheralded woman behind the scenes of one of the most important magazines of the century, a woman who cultivated dozens of the writers whose works have created the American reader as we know her. White began at The New Yorker a few months after it started in 1925 and retired in 1961, along the way editing everyone from John O’Hara to John Updike, with the likes of Vladimir Nabokov and Edmund Wilson in between. But she did her best work by publishing a distinctive list of women writers whose careers were made at The New Yorker: Janet Flanner, Mary McCarthy, Elizabeth Bishop, Jean Stafford, Nadine Gordimer. This biography will tell how White invented the role of fiction editor, how her experience as an urban working mother influenced her curation of the magazine, and how The New Yorker contributed to the lavish growth of American literature in the 20th century.

FEL-267755-20Research Programs: FellowshipsChristina BashfordForgotten Voices, Hidden Pleasures: Violin Culture in Britain, c. 1870-19301/1/2021 - 12/31/2021$60,000.00Christina Bashford   Board of Trustees of the University of IllinoisChampaignIL61801-3620USA2019Music History and CriticismFellowshipsResearch Programs600000600000

Research and writing leading to a book about the cultural history of violins and violin-playing in Britain, from 1870 to 1930.

My project identifies and rehabilitates a vigorous violin culture in Britain, c.1870-1930, through broad historical analysis of the practical and conceptual presence of the violin family there. The surge in musical activity, stimulated by newly affordable instruments, was underscored by changing social and cultural values that broke longstanding barriers of gender and class, and it was advanced by a growing commercial and educational infrastructure. It also endured, impacting the British compositional tradition and multiple performance spheres. Violin culture’s spread and vitality had a systemic and democratizing impact on music-making, its flowering bound up with ideas about the instruments that reflected contemporary concerns. Emphasizing amateur pursuits, mechanisms for learning, and structures that enabled or restricted the realization of professional ambitions, my work explores the meanings string instruments had for newcomer enthusiasts and gives voice to their experiences.

FEL-267760-20Research Programs: FellowshipsTimothy ShenkAn Intellectual Biography of the American Economy, 1896-20082/1/2020 - 4/30/2021$60,000.00Timothy Shenk   Johns Hopkins UniversityBaltimoreMD21218-2608USA2019U.S. HistoryFellowshipsResearch Programs600000600000

Research and writing leading to a book on the history of the concept of the modern economy in the United States.

The economy is perhaps the central topic of political debate today. The concept is so ubiquitous that we often assume it has been around since at least the time of Adam Smith, if not Aristotle. Yet familiarity has obscured its novelty. Far from being a natural feature of social life, the idea of "the economy" has a history--in crucial respects, a surprisingly recent one. "An Intellectual Biography of the American Economy, 1896-2008" explores the place of the United States in this history, examining the intellectual, economic, and political shifts that turned the economy into an object that experts claimed they could govern and that voters believed the government had a responsibility to manage. Weaving together studies of economists, institutions, and ideas, the book will uncover the history that turned an academic conceit into a cultural fact--and a political obsession. It is the story of an idea that was born much more recently than we usually assume.

FEL-267784-20Research Programs: FellowshipsMatvei YankelevichA Translation and Commentary of The Voronezh Notebooks by Russian Poet Osip Mandelstam (1891-1938)1/1/2021 - 12/31/2021$60,000.00Matvei Yankelevich   Columbia UniversityNew YorkNY10027-7922USA2019Russian LiteratureFellowshipsResearch Programs600000600000

Preparation of an English-language translation and critical edition of the Voronezh Notebooks by the Russian poet Osip Mandelstam (1891-1938).

The project is a critical English-language edition of the Voronezh Notebooks of Osip Mandelstam, one of Russia’s most significant 20th century poets. These poems, written during his exile, in a period between destitution and hope, mark the moment of Mandelstam's crossing from modernist tradition to postmodern poetics, and his negotiation of individuality and collectivity in the precarious political context of Stalin's 1930s. Relying on recently available archival material and manuscript versions, and a wealth of scholarship written in the post-Soviet period, the proposed edition would offer new translations and contextualizing commentary on Mandelstam’s crowning poetic achievement, providing the general reader as well as scholars with pertinent bibliographic information, a timeline of the poet's life, relevant documents from his NKVD files, and comparisons between early publications and contemporary authoritative editions.

FEL-267830-20Research Programs: FellowshipsStephen James ShoemakerQur’an and Canon: The Contours of Scripture at the End of Antiquity7/1/2021 - 6/30/2022$60,000.00StephenJamesShoemaker   University of OregonEugeneOR97403-5219USA2019Medieval StudiesFellowshipsResearch Programs600000600000

Research and writing a book on the origins of the Qur’an in the context of late antiquity.

This project investigates the Qur’an’s emergence as a new scriptural tradition in the late ancient Near East from a novel perspective: it understands the Qur’an as a late ancient biblical apocryphon that eventually became the scripture of a new religious tradition. By approaching the Qur’an as a late ancient biblical apocryphon of uncertain origin, whose scriptural destiny is not yet determined, we can study the Qur’an as an invaluable witness to the diversity and creativity of religious culture in the late ancient Near East, and we can also newly examine how this writing eventually developed into the scripture of a new religious faith. Such an approach frees the Qur’an from the interpretive control of the (much) later Islamic tradition and allows us to see it afresh as product of the religious cultures of the late ancient Mediterranean world.

FEL-267832-20Research Programs: FellowshipsJonathan David Shelly SchroederSlave, Abolitionist, Expatriate: The Lives of John S. Jacobs (1815-1873)6/1/2020 - 4/30/2021$55,000.00JonathanDavid ShellySchroeder   University of WarwickCoventry CV47ALEngland2019African American StudiesFellowshipsResearch Programs550000550000

Research and writing leading to a biography of John S. Jacobs (1815-1875) and a critical edition of Jacobs’s 1855 autobiographical slave narrative.

This NEH fellowship will support the completion of a project with two components: a book-length biography of John Swanson Jacobs, Harriet Jacobs’s brother and Frederick Douglass’s protégé, and a critical edition of his rediscovered autobiographical slave narrative, The United States Governed by Six Hundred Thousand Despots: A True Story of Slavery. The publication of this 1855 narrative will give scholars the unprecedented opportunity to compare two versions of the same slave narrative in order to understand the impact of white abolitionist editors on the latter version. This will be the first biography of John Jacobs and the most chronologically extensive history of a black family from enslavement to emancipation. It will also serve as an essential companion piece to Harriet Jacobs’s Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl, which now rivals Douglass’s Narrative in importance for the study of the history of slavery. This project is under contract with the University of Chicago Press.

FEL-267903-20Research Programs: FellowshipsPeter Jameson Mercer-TaylorClassical Music in Pre-Civil War American Hymnody: A Digital Anthology for Listening and Singing7/1/2020 - 12/31/2020$30,000.00PeterJamesonMercer-Taylor   University of MinnesotaMinneapolisMN55455-2009USA2019Music History and CriticismFellowshipsResearch Programs300000300000

Preparation of an open-access digital anthology of almost 300 hymn melodies published in the United States before 1861 derived from European classical music.

In the decades leading up to the Civil War, American compilers of sacred tune books crafted hundreds of hymn tunes from melodic stretches of European classical music. Hymn tunes being the best-selling genre of music in the U.S. at the time, it was through these melodies that many Americans first encountered classical music. This repertoire has all but vanished today, and has been only very fleetingly explored by scholars. The website proposed here will provide an online anthology of 276 pre-Civil War hymn tunes that borrow material from Mozart, Beethoven, Schubert, and other European composers, culled from over 70 antebellum American publications. Modern scores and recorded piano renditions will be provided, but the website will also offer a platform for sharing recordings of these tunes by whatever ensembles choose to submit them, forming a growing, crowdsourced repository of performances that, it is hoped, might serve as a hub for the reclamation of this repertoire in modern musical life.

FEL-267905-20Research Programs: FellowshipsChristopher DunnStray Dog in the Milky Way: Tom Zé (b. 1936) and Brazilian Popular Music7/1/2021 - 6/30/2022$60,000.00Christopher Dunn   Administrators of the Tulane Educational Fund, TheNew OrleansLA70118-5698USA2019Latin American StudiesFellowshipsResearch Programs600000600000

Research and writing leading to a biography of Brazilian folk musician Tom Zé (1936- ).

The personal and artistic trajectory of Tom Zé (b. 1936), one of the great musical innovators of our time, reveals a larger portrait of modern Brazil during the last century. His life and art provide a microhistorical prism through which to examine modernization and underdevelopment, rural to urban migration, authoritarian rule and its legacies, inequality under neo-liberal regimes, insurgent social movements, and cultural globalization. His work also provides an exquisite example of the creative repurposing of cultural tradition, identified with rural northeastern Brazil, in dialogue with experimental music and poetics.

FEL-267927-20Research Programs: FellowshipsAnne Elisabeth LesterFragments of Devotion: Relics, Remembrance and Material History in the Aftermath of the Fourth Crusade1/1/2021 - 11/30/2021$55,000.00AnneElisabethLester   Johns Hopkins UniversityBaltimoreMD21218-2608USA2019Medieval HistoryFellowshipsResearch Programs550000550000

Research and writing leading to a book on the circulation and reception of relics in Western Europe after the Fourth Crusade (1202-04).

Drawing on an array of archival texts, letters, inventories, manuscripts and material objects, Fragments of Devotion traces the reception and transformative effects of hundreds of relics carried from Byzantium into northern France, Flanders and Germany in the aftermath of the Fourth Crusade (1202-04). The book elucidates how relics were used to tell and retell many different histories, evoking through their materiality ineffable ideas and associations, while embodying the transformation of capital, power, and royal ideology. Methodologically, Fragments of Devotion demonstrates the powerful challenge that materiality poses to traditional narrative accounts of the crusades and past experiences more broadly. Collections of relics and the texts, spaces, and individuals that framed them and gave them meaning, offer another kind of archive, one that opens up a richer accounting of the experiences of war and loss, encounter and cultural appropriation, divine presence and commemoration.

FEL-267928-20Research Programs: FellowshipsScott Gordon BruceThe Lost Patriarchs Project: Recovering the Greek Fathers in the Medieval Latin Tradition1/1/2021 - 12/31/2021$60,000.00ScottGordonBruce   Fordham UniversityBronxNY10458-9993USA2019Medieval HistoryFellowshipsResearch Programs600000600000

Research and writing leading to a reference work on the Latin transmission and reception of Greek patristic writers in medieval western Europe.

The Lost Patriarchs Project investigates the impact and influence of the Greek Christian patristic tradition in medieval western Europe through a study of the surviving evidence (manuscripts, citations, and monastic library catalogue entries) for the knowledge of Greek works in Latin translation. The goal of the project is the production of an instrument of reference that will further the study of the transmission and reception of Greek patristics in the European Middle Ages.

FEL-267930-20Research Programs: FellowshipsMary Van BurenAn Anthropological History of Indigenous Small-scale Mining in Porco, Bolivia: 1500-20184/1/2020 - 9/30/2020$30,000.00Mary Van Buren   Colorado State UniversityFort CollinsCO80521-2807USA2019ArchaeologyFellowshipsResearch Programs300000300000

Research and writing leading to a book on the history of small-scale silver mining by indigenous communities in Bolivia from prehistory to the present.

Indigenous technology and organization of small-scale mineral production has roots in the Andean past and is most productively analyzed in terms of its dialectical, mutually constitutive relationship with large-scale mining enterprises over time. I examine this issue from the perspective of a holistic form of political economy, and from the vantage points of indigenous households in Porco as well as broader regional and global events that shaped local conditions. My book project will result in an anthropological history of mining practices that draws on archaeological, ethnographic, and historical data collected over the course of nine field seasons in Porco.  [Edited by staff]

FEL-267967-20Research Programs: FellowshipsMaria Fernanda EscallonExcluded: Black Cultural Heritage and the Politics of Diversity in Colombia3/1/2020 - 2/28/2021$60,000.00MariaFernandaEscallon   University of OregonEugeneOR97403-5219USA2019AnthropologyFellowshipsResearch Programs600000600000

Research and writing leading to a book on cultural heritage and preservation policies in Colombia.

My project, Excluded: Black Cultural Heritage and the Politics of Diversity in Colombia, examines why in Colombia disparities within Black groups continue to increase despite the heightened public attention for Afro-descendants and creation of public policies intended to combat ethno-racial inequality. I argue that by using visibility as a form of inclusion, state-sponsored multicultural policies have entrenched structural discrimination and preserved systematic inequities. By examining the harmful consequences of the declaration of San Basilio de Palenque's Afro-descendant culture as "Intangible Heritage of Humanity" by UNESCO, I trace how heritage policy ends up perpetuating, against declared intention, the inequalities that multicultural policies intend to resolve. My research advances scholarship on rights, heritage and identity, and establishes the framework for a deeper, more nuanced understanding of the pervasiveness of inequality on a larger scale.