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Participant name: Margaret Newell

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FA-52682-06Research Programs: Fellowships for University TeachersMargaret Ellen NewellIndian Slavery in Colonial New England1/1/2006 - 12/31/2006$40,000.00MargaretEllenNewell   Ohio State UniversityColumbusOH43210-1349USA2005U.S. HistoryFellowships for University TeachersResearch Programs400000400000

This book project, under contract with Cornell U. Press, examines the enslavement of Native Americans in New England before 1800. New England armies, courts and magistrates bound thousands of Indians into servitude and slavery. In the 17th century most Indian slaves were war captives. Following their defeat in Metacom's War, the Indians of southern New England became colonial subjects, and new laws prohibited enslaving them. Yet, slavery continued in different forms through the Revolution, notably the sentencing of Native Americans to servitude for debt or crime and the forcible apprenticeship of children. At the same time, the colonists created a legal "race frontier" that stripped unfree people of color of rights enjoyed by whites.