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Grant number like: FA-58221-15

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Abram C. Van Engen
Washington University (St. Louis, MO 63130-4899)

Fellowships for University Teachers
Research Programs

[Grant products][Media coverage][Prizes]

$50,400 (approved)
$50,400 (awarded)

Grant period:
7/1/2016 – 6/30/2017

"A Model of Christian Charity": A History of the Reception of John Winthrop's 1630 City on the Hill Sermon

This project is a biography of John Winthrop's sermon "A Model of Christian Charity." Nearly four centuries after it proclaimed New England a "city upon a hill," this sermon has become a foundational text of American history and literature. Yet in its own day, it went unrecorded, unpublished, and almost entirely unnoticed. Found and first published in 1838, Winthrop's sermon gradually became important, achieving status as an American classic only in the mid-twentieth century. This study asks how it rose and with what effects. Ever since its rebirth, I show, competing interpretations of the text have offered contending visions of American community and purpose. Drawing on studies of American exceptionalism, the history of emotions, book history, and the history of reading, my biography of Winthrop's sermon becomes, finally, a history of "the meaning of America" as it has emerged from--and been contested in--rediscoveries, reinventions, and reinterpretations of America's literary past.