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David Karl Francis Ekbladh
Tufts University (Washington, DC 20904)

Summer Stipends
Research Programs

[Grant products][Media coverage][Prizes]

$5,000 (approved)
$5,000 (awarded)

Grant period:
5/1/2004 – 6/30/2004

Modernization as a Tool in U.S. Foreign Relations in East and Southeast Asia, 1914-1973

The project explores the evolution of modernization as an integral element in the foreign relations of the American state as well as U.S. non-governmental organizations. Modernization emerged in the reform movements of the early twentieth century. U.S. non-governmental organizations in interwar Asia led the way in forging a particularly American style of overseas development. Following World War II, the U.S. government incorporated these existing concepts into its Cold War policies. These approaches were central to U.S.-led "nation building" programs in South Korea and South Vietnam. Modernization was altered during the 1960s by its connection to the Vietnam War and an environmental critique that highlighted development's costs.