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Grant number like: FT-53602-05

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Daniel J. Herman
Central Washington University (Ellensburg, WA 98926-7500)

Summer Stipends
Research Programs

[Grant products]

$5,000 (approved)
$5,000 (awarded)

Grant period:
6/1/2006 – 8/31/2006

Under the Tonto Rim: Conflict, Culture, and Memory in a Western Region

*Under the Tonto Rim* analyzes a core sample of a cultural identity that emerged in the rural West between 1880 and 1930. In Arizona's Rim Country, "settler culture" emerged from efforts to create community in the aftermath of ethnic, religious, and class conflicts of the 1880s. In the 1890s, settlers were challenged by new "immigrants": Tonto Apaches who abandoned the reservation and returned to their homeland. How Tontos participated in settler culture despite being relegated to the status of a lower caste is one of the book's central themes. Finally, I seek to understand how Zane Grey interpreted and legitimized settler culture in his fiction, and how that fiction resonated with readers concerned about shifting gender codes and ethnic tensions in the 1920s.