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Grant number like: FT-59312-11

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Caroline Jane Campbell
University of North Dakota (Grand Forks, ND 58202-6059)

Summer Stipends
Research Programs

[Grant products]

$6,000 (approved)
$6,000 (awarded)

Grant period:
6/1/2011 – 7/31/2011

Fascism and the Extreme Right in Greater France: Gender, Empire, and Extremist Politics in the Croix de Feu, 1927-1945

This book project places women at the forefront of French extremist politics in the years leading up to World War II and decolonization. Focusing on one of the largest political movements in French history, the Croix de Feu, it enters into a debate over the role and influence of women in the extreme right and women's contribution to strengthening popular support for France's empire. Informed by rich archival records, it concludes that Croix de Feu women formulated a gender ideology that moved beyond the notion that women best served their country as mothers. The Croix de Feu sought to mobilize women - regardless of marital status - as the key players in bringing about national rejuvenation. Organizing a Women's Section from scratch, Croix de Feu women implemented an ultranationalist social program that organized welfare services, physical education initiatives, and youth development programs, all of which they designed to inject a sense of ultranationalism across Greater France.