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Grant number like: FT-60095-12

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Candace Bailey
North Carolina Central University (Durham, NC 27707-3129)

Summer Stipends
Research Programs

[Grant products]

$6,000 (approved)
$6,000 (awarded)

Grant period:
5/1/2012 – 6/30/2012

Vinculum societatis, or, The tie of good company: Keyboard Instruments in Restoration Cultural Practice

In 1687 John Carr published a small collection of songs entitled "Vinculum societatis, or, The tie of good company: being a choice collection of the newest songs now in use: with thorow bass to each song for the harpsichord, theorbo, or bass-viol." The tie to which Carr refers is the gathering of people to perform or listen to music, a common pastime among different social classes. During this period, it also occurred between different social classes. The three instruments mentioned in the title were all popular during the last half of the 17th century, but by the final decades keyboard instruments were the most likely to have been used for what 17th-century writers referred to as "practical music"--music in practice rather than theory. By focusing on practical music as the end product, rather than whether performers are professional or amateur, or "the" performance, we gain insight into music in Restoration England.