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Products for grant FA-56490-12

Atlantic Africa and the Spanish Caribbean, 1570-1640
David Wheat, Michigan State University

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Atlantic Africa and the Spanish Caribbean, 1570-1640 (Book) [show prizes]
Title: Atlantic Africa and the Spanish Caribbean, 1570-1640
Author: David Wheat
Abstract: This work resituates the Spanish Caribbean as an extension of the Luso-African Atlantic world from the late sixteenth to the mid-seventeenth century, when the union of the Spanish and Portuguese crowns facilitated a surge in the transatlantic slave trade. After the catastrophic decline of Amerindian populations on the islands, two major African provenance zones, first Upper Guinea and then Angola, contributed forced migrant populations with distinct experiences to the Caribbean. They played a dynamic role in the social formation of early Spanish colonial society in the fortified port cities of Cartagena de Indias, Havana, Santo Domingo, and Panama City and their semirural hinterlands. David Wheat is the first scholar to establish this early phase of the "Africanization" of the Spanish Caribbean two centuries before the rise of large-scale sugar plantations. With African migrants and their descendants comprising demographic majorities in core areas of Spanish settlement, Luso-Africans, Afro-Iberians, Latinized Africans, and free people of color acted more as colonists or settlers than as plantation slaves. These ethnically mixed and economically diversified societies constituted a region of overlapping Iberian and African worlds, while they made possible Spain's colonization of the Caribbean.
Year: 2016
Primary URL:
Primary URL Description: link
Secondary URL:
Secondary URL Description: UNC Press web page for this book
Access Model: for purchase or by subscription
Publisher: University of North Carolina Press
Type: Single author monograph
ISBN: 97814696234
Copy sent to NEH?: Yes