Preservation and Access: Documenting Endangered Languages - Preservation

Period of Performance

6/1/2007 - 8/31/2011

Funding Totals

$317,502.00 (approved)
$317,502.00 (awarded)

Klallam Dictionary and Electronic Text Archive

FAIN: PD-50006-07

University of North Texas (Denton, TX 76203-5017)
Timothy R. Montler (Project Director: January 2007 to November 2011)

Preparation of a dictionary of Klallam, an endangered Salishan language spoken in Washington state and Vancouver Island, and the archiving of Klallam texts and audio video materials.

Klallam is an American Indian language of the Salishan family spoken on three reservations on Washington's Olympic Peninsula and Vancouver Island in Canada. The aim of this project is the production of the first full dictionary of the Klallam language together with a digital audio and video collection of transcribed and translated speech in various genres. The dictionary database would be built so as to be easily formatted for both print and online versions. It would be designed to be both accessible to Klallam language learners and useful for scholars of language and culture. Products of this project, all Unicode compliant, would include: 1) a digitized archive of over 140 60-to-90-minute audio recordings in Waveform audio format; 2) a comprehensive dictionary of the Klallam language in Extended Markup Language format keyed to a large digital text archive; 3) a ready-to-print formatted version of the dictionary; 4) an on-line, hypertext version of the dictionary; 5) over 200 Klallam texts, digitized, transcribed, translated and analyzed; 6) 20 Klallam language texts recorded in 1992 on VHS video, converted to digital Audio Video Interleave format for archiving; and 7) these 20 video texts subtitled in Klallam and English and converted into interactive language study tools with links to grammar and dictionary entries.

Media Coverage

'Quiet waters' no longer (Media Coverage)
Author(s): Michael Dashiell
Publication: Sequim Gazette
Date: 8/11/2010

Publication: Languagehat
Date: 8/25/2011

Associated Products

Klallam Language (Web Resource)
Title: Klallam Language
Author: Timothy Montler
Abstract: Klallam language material including a classified word list: 3500 Klallam words with around 1000 linked to mp3 sound files; four interactive flash videos (conversation between elders with subtitles); a set of model sentences in 117 mp3 files from the Klallam grammar; a set of four computer games for learning Klallam vocabulary and pronunciation to download; a set of 85 morphologically analyzed useful phrases with audio; two narratives with audio and grammatical analysis; three YouTube videos with Klallam and English subtitles; a set of Klallam tongue twisters with audio; photos of Klallam Language Program participants; a bibliography; a family tree of the Salishan languages; a description of the alphabet; a map of the Klallam language and neighboring languages; Klallam keyboard software and a guide to using it.
Year: 2009
Primary URL:

Klallam Dictionary (Book)
Title: Klallam Dictionary
Author: Timothy Montler
Abstract: A comprehensive dictionary of the Klallam language with affix and root indexes
Year: 2012
Publisher: University of Washington Press
Type: Single author monograph

Dictionary of Klallam Traditional Names (Book)
Title: Dictionary of Klallam Traditional Names
Author: Beatrice Charles
Author: Timothy Montler
Author: Adeline Smith
Abstract: A complete list of all recorded Klallam traditional names with genealogical information.
Year: 2010
Type: Multi-author monograph

How the Klallam Village at Pysht was Demolished (Film/TV/Video Broadcast or Recording)
Title: How the Klallam Village at Pysht was Demolished
Writer: Timothy Montler
Writer: Ed Sampson
Producer: Timothy Montler
Abstract: Video with Klallam and English subtitles. The late Klallam elder Ed Sampson tells how the Klallam village of Pysht (at the mouth of the Pysht River) was demolished by a logging company. He and Hazel were a young married couple away in Port Angeles looking for work. They came home to find all their belongings destroyed. The story told in 1992 took place in the 1920's.
Year: 2010
Primary URL:
Format: Video
Format: Web

Klallam Grammar (Scalar Edition) (Web Resource)
Title: Klallam Grammar (Scalar Edition)
Author: Timothy Montler
Abstract: This is a hypertext version of the Klallam Grammar published in 2015 by the University of Washington Press.
Year: 2021
Primary URL:
Primary URL Description: A pedagogically oriented reference grammar of the Klallam language