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Participant name: Andrew garrett
State: California

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Award Number Grant ProgramAward RecipientProject TitleAward PeriodApproved Award Total
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PD-230659-15Preservation and Access: Documenting Endangered Languages - PreservationUniversity of California, BerkeleyLinguistic and Ethnographic Sound Recordings from Early Twentieth-Century California: Optical Scanning, Digitization & Access5/1/2015 - 4/30/2018$200,000.00Andrew GarrettErik MitchellUniversity of California, BerkeleyBerkeleyCA94704-5940USA2015LinguisticsDocumenting Endangered Languages - PreservationPreservation and Access20000001992610

The digitization of over 2,700 sound recordings of Native American languages on wax cylinders held at the University of California, Berkeley, Phoebe A. Hearst Museum of Anthropology, using optical scanning techniques developed at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory.

The University of California, Berkeley, is the repository of an American cultural treasure in over 2,500 early twentieth-century wax cylinder recordings of Native American speech and song. Some are the only known recordings of a language; many are the only known recordings of particular songs or stories; all are invaluable for scholarly research and the broader purposes of cultural and linguistic revitalization. Previous work using mechanical playback methods to transfer the recordings to modern sound media and digitize the result yielded low-quality sound files. This project will apply new technology (developed at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory) to produce optical scans of all wax cylinders in the university’s collection, from which improved audio transfers will be created. At UC Berkeley, the work will involve institutional collaboration among the Hearst Museum of Anthropology, the University Library, and the Department of Linguistics; collaboration with Native communities will increase access to the resulting material.

PD-271354-20Preservation and Access: Documenting Endangered Languages - PreservationUniversity of California, BerkeleyArchiving Legacy Documentation from Southern California and the Southwest: Toward a New Collaborative Model6/1/2020 - 5/31/2023$332,762.00Andrew Garrett   University of California, BerkeleyBerkeleyCA94704-5940USA2020 Documenting Endangered Languages - PreservationPreservation and Access33276203327620

The cataloging, preservation, and creation of online access to documentary materials related mainly to Uto-Aztecan and Yuman languages, assembled by four researchers over several decades. In addition, project staff would explore co-curation of these materials with members of the source communities.

The overarching purpose of this project is to make information about indigenous languages of Southern California and the Southwest accessible in a preservation repository. The project has two main goals. One is to catalog, safely preserve, and make accessible the extensive documentary materials assembled by linguists and anthropologists, mainly with Uto-Aztecan and Yuman languages. Included are well over 500 sound recordings and over 100 field notebooks from more than a dozen languages. We will catalog and preserve these materials; digitize the sound recordings, field notebooks, and other key items; and provide online access as appropriate through the California Language Archive (CLA). The second goal is to explore collaborative co-curation of CLA content by expanding a new prearchive process to facilitate community-based metadata creation, cultural knowledge labeling, and recommendations for access. Members of three indigenous communities will work with us to identify contents, participants, and key contexts of newly accessioned and digitized materials; provide cultural knowledge labels; and advise us on appropriate levels of public access.

PD-50005-07Preservation and Access: Documenting Endangered Languages - PreservationUniversity of California, BerkeleyBerkeley Indigenous Language Resources: Access, Archiving, and Documentation7/1/2007 - 12/31/2011$340,000.00Andrew GarrettLeanne HintonUniversity of California, BerkeleyBerkeleyCA94704-5940USA2007LinguisticsDocumenting Endangered Languages - PreservationPreservation and Access34000003400000

Enchanced description of and access to linguistic materials, including fieldwork notes, manuscripts, and audio recordings that document over 130 endangered American Indian languages.

The University of California, Berkeley, has sponsored language documentation throughout California and the American West since 1901. For the past 55 years this work has largely been undertaken by linguists affiliated with the Survey of California and Other Indian Languages (SCOIL). The products of this research and that of other linguists included field notes, manuscripts, and audio recordings housed in four Berkeley repositories. The Bancroft Library and Hearst Museum of Anthropology hold most of the older records; materials collected since 1952 are housed in SCOIL and the Berkeley Language Center. Together these collections form the largest university archive of Native American language materials and one of the five most important American linguistic archives of any kind. Despite its importance, this material is inconsistently described, making it difficult to locate resources related to a specific interest. With the assistance of a professional archivist--who is also a trained linguist with experience in language documentation--the project's staff would improve the quality and quantity of information in the SCOIL catalog; create metadata records conforming to the Open Language Archiving Community standard to share information across institutions; devise a controlled vocabulary for California languages that relates the designations used by both scholars and Native communities; and develop a Web interface to provide access to full metadata for all SCOIL collections and abbreviated metadata for related resources at other Berkeley repositories, as well as links to digitized SCOIL materials. The project would also support Native American community revitalization and documentation efforts. Access and use policies would be refined, and staff would provide professional and research support to community-based projects.