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Page size:
 204 items in 5 pages
Award Number Grant ProgramAward RecipientProject TitleAward PeriodApproved Award Total
Page size:
 204 items in 5 pages
HB-231942-16Research Programs: Awards for FacultyNaomi J. StubbsA Critical Edition of the Diary of Harry Watkins, 19th-Century American Actor7/1/2016 - 8/31/2016$8,400.00NaomiJ.Stubbs   CUNY Research Foundation, LaGuardia Community CollegeLong Island CityNY11101-3007USA2015Theater History and CriticismAwards for FacultyResearch Programs8400084000

Preparation of a scholarly edition of the diary of 19th-century American actor Harry Watkins (1825-1894).

This grant will support the creation of a critical edition of the diary of nineteenth-century American actor Harry Watkins. Written from 1845-1860, it is the only known diary of its size and scope by an American actor during the decade prior to the Civil War. The diary documents performances by famous actors, political events, business transactions, and personal matters, and our edition will provide researchers, teachers, and general readers interested in nineteenth-century US entertainment, politics, economics, and culture an accurate and accessible edition of this unique diary. During the award period, I will prepare six chapters of the printed edition according to our style guide. I will write annotations for basic information needed to understand the diary’s content (e.g., names, places, and terms) and form (e.g., noting redacted and amended text), drawing upon research conducted at the Harvard Theatre Collection and New York Public Library.

HB-231968-16Research Programs: Awards for FacultyMichael J. CholbiA Philosophical Treatment of the Ethics of Grief7/1/2016 - 7/31/2017$37,800.00MichaelJ.Cholbi   California State Polytechnic University, PomonaPomonaCA91768-2557USA2015EthicsAwards for FacultyResearch Programs378000378000

Research and writing leading to publication of a book in the field of philosophy on grief arising from the death of intimates and loved ones.

Despite grief at the death of intimates or loved ones being a universal and perennial feature of human experience, contemporary philosophy has contributed very little to our understanding of the diverse ethical questions raised by grief. The proposed project will support the writing of the first ever book-length philosophical treatment of grief. The book will address such issues as whether grief responses are rational, how grief contributes to well-being, whether grief should ever be classified as a psychiatric illness, the place of anger in individual and collective grief, and ethical concerns about the exploitation of the vulnerability experienced during bereavement. This work will appeal to popular audiences curious to know how humanistic methods and knowledge can provide insight and consolation; to academic philosophers interested in death and dying, well-being, and moral psychology; and to scholarly experts in other disciplines seeking an atypical disciplinary perspective.

HB-232042-16Research Programs: Awards for FacultyClifford E. Trafzer, PhDIndigenous and Western Medicine Ways Among Southern California Indians, 1900-19557/1/2016 - 6/30/2017$50,400.00CliffordE.Trafzer   Regents of the University of California, RiversideRiversideCA92521-0001USA2015U.S. HistoryAwards for FacultyResearch Programs50400049531.40

Writing a book on the cooperation between tribal communities, doctors, and nurses to curb death and disease in southern California during the first half of the 20th century.

This project will analyze research that will culminate in a book, “Changing Medicine: Intersection of Indigenous and Western Medicine Ways Among Southern California Indians.” The project will also disseminate data in healthcare disparities, infant mortality, and crude death rates for major causes of death between 1900-1955, detailing the intersection of Native and Western medicine among 29 tribes of the Mission Indian Agency. The researcher will analyze the intersection of Indians and non-Indians regarding healthcare and medicine. The research offers examples of the ways in which public health nurses built relationships with tribal people through a network of Native and non-Native women to improve the health of children. Tribal communities and individual Natives worked cooperatively with nurses and doctors to lower crude death rates from every form of infectious disease plaguing the Indian communities, especially tuberculosis.

HB-232107-16Research Programs: Awards for FacultyPeter LimbrickMoroccan Director Moumen Smihi (b.1945): Arab Modernities and Cinema7/1/2016 - 6/30/2017$50,400.00Peter Limbrick   Regents of the University of California, Santa CruzSanta CruzCA95064-1077USA2015Film History and CriticismAwards for FacultyResearch Programs504000504000

Research and writing leading to publication of a book on the films of Moroccan director Moumen Smihi (b. 1945) and the history of colonialism in the Arab world.

This project investigates films by Moroccan director Moumen Smihi to better understand the relationship between Arab cinema and the historical experiences of colonialism and modernity. In addressing Smihi's rich images and narratives of colonial encounter, the project analyzes the ways that Euro-American critical discourses have struggled to understand the relationship of Arab cultural production to a modernity that is often conceived as exclusively Euro-American. Using Smihi's films as a lens, my book rethinks those relationships, stressing long histories of mutual influence and exchange that destabilize accounts of Arab modernisms as derivative products of cultural borrowing or colonial imposition. Smihi's cinema offers a compelling vision of the way that cinema, a quintessentially modern technology, has animated relationships between Arab and non-Arab worlds, thus transforming the way we think about the axes of history, colonialism, nationalism, and modernity across the Middle East.

HB-232111-16Research Programs: Awards for FacultyKirsten S. GrueszLanguage, Identity, and American Memory in Cotton Mather's La fe del christiano (1699)3/1/2016 - 12/31/2016$50,400.00KirstenS.Gruesz   Regents of the University of California, Santa CruzSanta CruzCA95064-1077USA2015American LiteratureAwards for FacultyResearch Programs504000420000

Preparation of a book-length study of La fe del christiano (Boston, 1699), the first Spanish-language publication in English North America, written by Puritan minister Cotton Mather (1663-1728).

La fe del christiano (Boston, 1699) is the first Spanish publication in English North America. This study will examine different facets of the pamphlet, from conception to production to dissemination. The chapters radiate outward from La fe del christiano to consider topics as wide-ranging as the Sephardic diaspora, the Elizabethan invention of modern-language tutoring manuals, Jesuit vs. Puritan theories of Bible translation, the Salem Witch Trials, and the way the news of the Pueblo Revolt of 1680 traveled to Mexico City—always returning again to the central text. It reconstructs the philosophies of language—and the related, but not identical, notions of race and ethnicity—in circulation at this moment, and speculates on the traces they have left for us today.

HB-232147-16Research Programs: Awards for FacultyAmeenah ShakirHelen Dickens and Medical Activism in Philadelphia, 1935-19808/1/2016 - 7/31/2017$50,400.00Ameenah Shakir   Florida A&M UniversityTallahasseeFL32307-3102USA2015African American HistoryAwards for FacultyResearch Programs504000504000

Writing and additonal research for a book about the medical activism of Helen Dickens during the years of 1935 to 1980.

I am applying for a twelve month grant for full funding to complete additional research and revise dissertation chapters into a manuscript. Specifically, my project focuses on obstetrician and gynecologist Helen Dickens, an African American woman and dynamic champion for reproductive rights who worked alongside clubwomen to establish community maternal clinics, as well as desegregate medical schools and hospitals. A groundbreaking study, it pushes the perimeters of the literature on the history of African-American women's claims for citizenship to encompass the emergence of female demands for improved access to health care during the Great Depression and throughout the post-World War II period. African-American women's construction of health care reform in Philadelphia provides a necessary corrective to prior assumptions regarding a perceived dearth of physicians' civil rights efficacy. Based on previously untapped archival sources, my book project demonstrates that women's articulation of health care politics in the urban milieu not only challenges traditional temporal boundaries of civil rights advocacy it reinforces the current shift toward analyzing female agency within the medical field.

HB-232154-16Research Programs: Awards for FacultyVaclav ParisEpic after Evolution: Modernism's National Narratives2/1/2016 - 7/31/2016$25,200.00Vaclav Paris   City College of New YorkNew YorkNY10016-4309USA2015Comparative LiteratureAwards for FacultyResearch Programs252000252000

Research and writing leading to publication of a book on selected works of early 20th-century modernist prose and their relationship to national identity, treating examples in English, Portuguese, and Czech.

Epic after Evolution is a book project that tells the history of the modernist epic from 1900 to 1930. Although recent work in transnational modernist studies suggests that modernism can be understood as a global phenomenon, my book points out that many of the founding narratives of modernist prose are nation-specific. Studying five such texts in detail, Epic after Evolution places modernist epic back into its local contexts. In doing so, however, it also proposes a more general common feature of the genre: namely that modernist national epics of this period all explore alternatives to biological, racial, or ethnic modes of defining and narrating nationality. Discussing the ramifications of this finding, my book models a way of studying modernist epic within and without national canons. During the period of my grant, I will complete two chapters for this book and submit them both to peer-reviewed journals.

HB-232176-16Research Programs: Awards for FacultyBertis Deon EnglishCivil Wars and Civil Beings: Societal Construction, Reconstruction, and Post-Reconstruction in Perry County, Alabama, 1860-751/1/2016 - 12/31/2016$25,200.00BertisDeonEnglish   Alabama State UniversityMontgomeryAL36104-5732USA2015African American HistoryAwards for FacultyResearch Programs252000252000

Writing and research toward the publication of a book about racial cooperation in Reconstruction-era Perry County, Alabama.

"Civil Wars and Civil Beings" is a scholarly book manuscript about Perry County, Alabama, during the Civil War era. Reconstruction is foremost. Unlike neighboring places in the Black Belt, one of the South’s most violent areas during Reconstruction, Perry County experienced few major economic, political, or racial clashes following Confederate defeat. Nostalgic whites threatened several activist blacks and white Republicans in Perry, but only a handful of individuals were hanged, maimed, shot, whipped, or killed in the county due to prejudice. Instead, whites and blacks in Perry usually developed the types of relationships and institutions that helped African Americans enjoy citizenship. This occurrence was uncharacteristic for Alabama and the remainder of the South from 1865 through 1874, the orthodox years of Alabama Reconstruction.

HB-232187-16Research Programs: Awards for FacultyOmar Santiago Valerio-JimenezThe US-Mexican War (1846-1848): Mexican Americans, Memory, and Citizenship8/1/2016 - 5/31/2017$42,000.00OmarSantiagoValerio-Jimenez   University of Texas, San AntonioSan AntonioTX78249-1644USA2015Latino HistoryAwards for FacultyResearch Programs420000420000

The writing of a book on the legacy of memories about the Mexican-American War among successive generations.

The U.S.-Mexican War (1846-48) is known as the America’s “forgotten war” because few Americans know the causes or consequences of the conflict that transformed the U.S. into a continental power. Yet, the war is central to Mexicans’ collective memory because it created the first generation of Mexican Americans and influenced the identity of subsequent generations. My book project addresses this paradox by identifying Mexican Americans’ choice of remembered events, exploring how memories were transmitted, and analyzing their meaning. My project uses a transnational approach by examining the political and social uses of memories of war in Mexico and in the United States. It will contrast each nation’s official histories with Mexican Americans’ depictions to illuminate ways in which alternative histories challenged, modified, or reinforced official portrayals. The study contributes to Mexican American history, memory studies, and American cultural history.

HB-251059-17Research Programs: Awards for FacultyMikhal Dekel, PhDThe Trail of WWII Refugees: From Poland to the Middle East2/1/2017 - 7/31/2017$25,200.00Mikhal Dekel   CUNY Research Foundation, City CollegeNew YorkNY10031-9101USA2016Area StudiesAwards for FacultyResearch Programs252000252000

Completion of a book on Jewish refugees from Poland who fled Nazi forces and the communities in Iran and the Muslim Soviet Union that accepted them.

Of the roughly 350,000 Polish Jews who escaped genocide during WWII, approximately 230,000, two-thirds, survived as refugees in the Muslim Soviet Union--Uzbekistan, Tajikistan and Kazakhstan--and (in smaller yet significant numbers) Iran. We do not often think of the story of the Holocaust as one of Jews surviving in Muslim lands, and we do not often think of the networks that were in place in these areas. Tehran Children tells the story of these networks and of the complex web of aid groups, conflicting and converging national interests, diplomatic maneuvers, and local attitudes towards these refugees. It studies the experience of both the refugee and the host nation; of foreign and local aid; of trans-national diplomacy; of hunger--its relief and its use as a weapon; and of memory: how refugees remember and are remembered by the Muslim nations with which they had come in contact. The book has been accepted for publication by W.W. Norton.

HB-251102-17Research Programs: Awards for FacultyTyler Dunsdon ParrySlave Matrimony in the African Diaspora during the 18th and 19th Centuries7/1/2017 - 4/30/2018$42,000.00TylerDunsdonParry   California State University, FullertonFullertonCA92831-3599USA2016African American HistoryAwards for FacultyResearch Programs420000420000

Completion of a history of marriage in slave communities in the Anglophone Atlantic during the 18th and 19th centuries.

"Bound in Bondage" interrogates how slave marital practices intersected with legislation, cultural practice, and political discourse in the United States and British West Indies throughout the 18th and 19th centuries. While past analyses have addressed the social, cultural, and legal dimensions of slave matrimony in specific regions, I contend that slave marriage was imbedded within transatlantic discourses that influenced the cultural and political maneuvers of both black and white people throughout the British Atlantic. My project reveals how African-descended peoples reckoned with the circumstances of slavery by creatively re-imagining various marital traditions in each Anglophone slave society. As this institution was a central factor in formulating kinship alliances throughout Western Africa, I examine how enslaved people used various marital patterns and practices to overcome the “social death” commonly associated with slavery in the Americas.

HB-251108-17Research Programs: Awards for FacultyKaren BassiFacing Death in Ancient Greek Tragedy9/1/2017 - 6/30/2018$42,000.00Karen Bassi   Regents of the University of California, Santa CruzSanta CruzCA95064-1077USA2016Classical LiteratureAwards for FacultyResearch Programs420000420000

Research and writing leading to publication of a book on attitudes toward death in ancient Greek tragic drama.

Studies of death in Greek tragedy have a long history in Classical scholarship, complemented by anthropological and archaeological work on ancient Greek views of the afterlife, death rituals, and funerary monuments. Although the idea that Greek tragedy offers readers and viewers insight into how to live with the knowledge that they will die seems obvious, there is no sustained treatment of the ways in which tragedy both exposes and responds to the contingencies of human mortality. Imitating the Dead: Facing Death in Ancient Greek Tragedy will be the first book to make the link between these contingencies and the emergence of tragic drama in Greece. It will also be the first to bring Greek tragedy to bear on questions of prolonging life in contemporary American culture. Positioning Greek tragedy within the long history of confronting death as a "condition of national life," and intended for a broad, educated audience, the book is inspired by the NEH Initiative on the Common Good.

HB-251138-17Research Programs: Awards for FacultyLawrence A. PeskinU.S. Consuls in the Mediterranean and Latin America and the American Trading Nation, 1785-18501/1/2017 - 12/31/2017$50,400.00LawrenceA.Peskin   Morgan State UniversityBaltimoreMD21251-0001USA2016U.S. HistoryAwards for FacultyResearch Programs504000336000

Research for a history of American consuls in the Mediterranean and Latin America in the first decades after American independence.

Following recent interest in transnational contours of American history, this project examines the development of American national identity from the outside in. The applicant proposes to look at early national history through the lens of Americans living abroad -- first in the Mediterranean region and then in Latin America. The primary focus is on American consuls who sought to build up and protect new national trading networks in the wake of independence. Consuls served at the head of a developing American trading nation consisting of diplomats, merchants, naval officers, ship captains, and common mariners. They were acknowledged leaders of the American community and were treated as representatives to the federal government by other Americans. In the eyes of many non-Americans, these individuals literally represented the United States.

HB-251153-17Research Programs: Awards for FacultyAnadelia A. RomoRace and the Art of Tourist Promotion in Bahia, Brazil: Crafting an Urban Landscape, 1900-19641/1/2017 - 12/31/2017$50,400.00AnadeliaA.Romo   Texas State University - San MarcosSan MarcosTX78666-4684USA2016Latin American HistoryAwards for FacultyResearch Programs504000504000

Completion of a book-length study of how promotion of tourism forged and reinforced racial stereotypes in Bahia, Brazil, from the abolition of slavery in 1888 through the 1950s.

My project examines the reinvention of a former sugar zone in Brazil’s Northeast and probes how the promotion of tourism forged and reinforced racial stereotypes in the aftermath of abolition. To do this I turn to sources neglected by historians: illustrated tourist guides for Brazil’s colonial capital of Salvador, Bahia, written from the 1920s through the 1950s. I show how the budding tourism industry of this era developed a distinctive iconography that placed Afro-Bahians as central to the city’s landscape, an apparently inclusive visual culture that worked well with Brazil’s promotion of itself as a racial democracy. Yet I argue that the intersection of tourism and a new visual landscape of the city shaped and consolidated pernicious stereotypes of blackness and exoticized visions of African culture that continue to dominate the visual culture of the city today. I am seeking an NEH grant for a year of full-time work to be able to write three central chapters of my book manuscript.

HB-251162-17Research Programs: Awards for FacultyAngela Vergara-MarshallUnemployment in 20th-Century Chile8/1/2017 - 7/31/2018$50,400.00Angela Vergara-Marshall   California State Los Angeles University Auxiliary Services, Inc.Los AngelesCA90032-4226USA2016Latin American HistoryAwards for FacultyResearch Programs504000504000

Completion of a book on the history of unemployment in Chile from the Great Depression through the 1980s.

In this project, I examine how social, racial, and gender categories shaped public efforts to regulate the labor market and selectively protect workers facing unemployment in Chile throughout the twentieth century. I argue that traditional efforts to distinguish between vagrants and the “real” unemployed, social fears toward the non-working poor, legal definitions of formal work and people’s own expectations about work influenced the experience, protections, and rights of unemployed and non-formally employed men and women in modern Chile. More generally, I contribute to the humanities by looking at unemployment beyond exclusively class and economic analyses and outside traditional industrial countries. Using the tools of social history and based on a wide range of archival and periodical sources, I narrate the story of the unemployed and the efforts of the State to define and control the labor market in Chile from the 1930s-Great Depression to the Debt/Oil crisis of the early 1980s.

HB-251183-17Research Programs: Awards for FacultyFrancis Hugh WilfordThe History of the “Special Relationship” between Great Britain and the U.S. from the Colonial Era to the Present9/1/2018 - 8/31/2019$50,400.00FrancisHughWilford   CSU, Long BeachLong BeachCA90840-0004USA2016Diplomatic HistoryAwards for FacultyResearch Programs504000504000

Research for and writing of a book-length study of British-U.S. relations as viewed through family and emotional ties.

This project examines the history of the “special relationship” between Great Britain and the United States from the perspective of intimate relations. Influenced by the recent cultural and emotional turns of diplomatic history, and drawing on a wide range of historical sources and cultural texts, it examines how matters of the heart have linked – and divided – British and American men and women from the colonial era to the present. It also considers how the language and imagery of intimate affiliation – in particular, of gender, emotion, and sex – have both reflected and shaped political relations between the two English-speaking empires. By turning its focus on the personal sphere of trans-Atlantic relations, The Anglo-American Romance provides a new, critical lens for interrogating the evolution of an alliance that continues to hold tremendous global significance in the twenty-first century, for both good and ill.

HB-251199-17Research Programs: Awards for FacultyRobin RuniaDisplaced Britons: Africans and Creoles in the Work of British Author Maria Edgeworth (1768-1849)6/1/2017 - 7/31/2018$50,400.00Robin Runia   Xavier University of LouisianaNew OrleansLA70125-1056USA2016British LiteratureAwards for FacultyResearch Programs504000378000

Research and writing leading to publication of a book on the Anglo-Irish writer Maria Edgeworth (1768-1849) and her views of race and national identity.

With this reduction from my teaching load, I will complete research and write new material on Maria Edgeworth’s plays, Whim for Whim (1798) and The Two Guardians (1817). This work will comprise two chapters of the monograph, Displaced Britons. The completion of these chapters and the revision of the entire manuscript for publication submission contributes to current efforts to develop a more comprehensive and nuanced understanding of race in the Atlantic world. Specifically, this project offers close and historically contextualized readings of dramatic and fictional works by the late eighteenth- early nineteenth-century Anglo-Irish writer Maria Edgeworth. Its purpose is to introduce some of Edgeworth’s largely neglected works and to correct previous and partial interpretations of some of her more well-known writing. By focusing on works that depict the practice and consequences of the British slave trade in Jamaica, this book argues that Edgeworth offers a model of inclusive national identity regardless of race.

HB-251216-17Research Programs: Awards for FacultySandrine SanosRepresentations of Violence, Displacement, and Gender in Post-World War II France6/1/2017 - 5/31/2018$50,400.00Sandrine Sanos   Texas A & M University, Corpus ChristiCorpus ChristiTX78412-5503USA2016European HistoryAwards for FacultyResearch Programs504000504000

Completion of a book on the cultural and intellectual history of war and violence in post-World War II France.

This book is a cultural and intellectual history of political imagination in Cold War France from 1954 to 1967. It analyzes how war, genocide and displacement shaped political ideas and cultural identities in a "postwar" time rife with conflicts in France and abroad. While in the shadow of the Holocaust, the French empire was consumed by violence--especially the bloody and brutal Algerian War of Independence. This interdisciplinary project explores how two groups (Francophone writers and artists who had migrated to France after experiencing war, genocide, or torture as well as French anti-colonial authors) proposed new ways of thinking about political community and belonging. The gendered rhetoric they used anchored their vision of politics and framed how injured and violated bodies were discussed. While most histories of the postwar tend to cast war and displacement as exceptional, this project shows how they are central to political imagination in a post-colonial global society.

HB-251276-17Research Programs: Awards for FacultySwati RanaEccentric Characters in 20th-Century Ethnic Literature7/1/2018 - 6/30/2019$50,400.00Swati Rana   University of California, Santa BarbaraSanta BarbaraCA93106-0001USA2016American LiteratureAwards for FacultyResearch Programs504000504000

A book-length study of race and character in American ethnic literature, 1900-1960.

Retrograde Minorities studies the vexed, conservative, and recalcitrant characters that elude the oppositional framework of ethnic literary criticism, which prioritizes resistance to dominant power structures. My chapters range from Ameen Rihani’s The Book of Khalid (1911) to Paule Marshall’s Brown Girl, Brownstones (1959), including work by José Garcia Villa, José Antonio Villarreal, and Dalip Singh Saund. I develop a hermeneutic for reading the problem characters in these works across formal and social spheres, and in so doing enliven the study of race and character both. This project presents a new comparative paradigm for ethnic literature and for the neglected writings of the early twentieth century, itself a retrograde period in a field that generally privileges post-1965 works. My readings reveal a new protagonist of the American dream: the racialized minority whose retrograde disavowal of race represents a crucial archetype of American exceptionalism and postracial ideology.

HB-251279-17Research Programs: Awards for FacultyAlaine HutsonEnslaved Africans and Balochis on the Arabian Peninsula, 1926-19381/1/2017 - 7/31/2017$29,400.00Alaine Hutson   Huston-Tillotson CollegeAustinTX78702-2753USA2016Near and Middle Eastern HistoryAwards for FacultyResearch Programs294000294000

Completion of a book on the history of slavery on the Arabian peninsula.

I will spend a year writing full-time to produce a manuscript on slavery on the Arabian Peninsula. I am asking for support for the last 7 months. In four chapters and an epilogue I will describe and analyze the lives of African and Baloch slaves including a short history of Africans’ presence in Arabia and the Makran Coast (Balochistan), an examination of slaves' specific ethnic and national origins, a description of the “seasoning” process for Arabian Peninsula slaves, an analysis of slave naming and exchanging practices, and detail of slaves’ work lives, families, and networks. This research contends that the power dynamics of slave holder-enslaved coupled with abolitionist and global economic pressures resulted in Arabian slaveholder practices and patterns that were in some ways similar to those of Atlantic slavery. This research will be disseminated as a published monograph intended for students and scholars of slavery and Middle East and South Asian Studies.

HB-251297-17Research Programs: Awards for FacultyRachel Kathleen WatsonRace and Forensic Science in American Literature, 1894-19598/1/2017 - 7/31/2018$50,400.00RachelKathleenWatson   Howard UniversityWashingtonDC20059-0001USA2016American LiteratureAwards for FacultyResearch Programs504000504000

A book-length study of the relationship between race and forensic science in American crime fiction by Mark Twain, William Faulkner, Rudolph Fisher, Richard Wright, and Chester Himes, 1890s-1950s.

Capturing the Individual argues that in crime fiction of the segregation era, forensic science takes an unexpected turn—one of undercutting the ideology of inequality that animated Jim Crow. Located in the body but independent from and even contrary to the typifying ideology of race, the “biological individual” posited by forensics ran counter to theories of black criminality and essentialist race science by depending instead upon notions of a biological equality. This book project claims that through forensic preoccupations in the crime novels of Mark Twain, Rudolph Fisher, Richard Wright, William Faulkner, and Chester Himes the humanity of the black individual is not only asserted through sentiment and psychology, but is, more radically, marked as a fact already “self-evident”—a forensic certainty that “speaks for itself.”

HB-257208-18Research Programs: Awards for FacultyEtienne HelmerAncient Greek Philosophers on Economics6/1/2018 - 1/31/2019$33,600.00Etienne Helmer   University of Puerto Rico, Rio Piedras CampusSan JuanPR00925-2512USA2017History of PhilosophyAwards for FacultyResearch Programs336000336000

Preparation of a book-length study about ancient Greek philosophy and economics.

This award will support completion of research started five years ago on ancient Greek philosophers on economics, producing a scholarly book on this understudied but decisive topic. My claim is that the ancient Greek approach to economic issues is not a prescientific or immature one as it has been unduly viewed up so far, but a philosophical one, based on specific methods, problems and concepts. The purpose of the Greek philosophers on economics was to understand not only economic issues but also their significance for human life, raising questions rather than providing us with explanatory scientific tools. Ancient Greek economics was not a mere profit-oriented skill but an art and a thought dealing with the management of our needs, with all their ethical and political implications. This book will benefit both anthropological studies on ancient Greece and contemporary reflections on what economy is and means.

HB-257235-18Research Programs: Awards for FacultyWilliam Conrad Corley, JrThe Voice of the Veteran in 18th- and 19th-Century American Literature1/1/2019 - 12/31/2019$50,400.00WilliamConradCorley   California State Polytechnic University, PomonaPomonaCA91768-2557USA2017American LiteratureAwards for FacultyResearch Programs504000504000

Research and writing leading to publication of a book on depictions of war veterans in American literature of the 18th and 19th centuries.

This project provides a genealogy of veteran depictions in literature by popular and influential American authors, most of whom are not themselves veterans, because the trope of the veteran as it has developed in American history, literature, and culture is the product of many intersecting forces and constituencies. This genealogy reveals how the type of knowledge and authority attributed to veterans has shifted over time, with varying effects on the perceptions of veterans and the ability of veterans to participate in the public sphere through writing. Over the course of the nineteenth century, veteran characters become the locus for a particular form of authoritative knowledge that is both empirical and revelatory, but the possession of such knowledge comes to be seen in the post-bellum period as exceeding human capacity, thus leading either to the death or silencing of the veteran.

HB-257251-18Research Programs: Awards for FacultySonja Stephenson WatsonGlobalization, Transculturation, and Hybrid Identity in Panamanian Music: Reggae en Español6/1/2019 - 7/31/2019$50,400.00SonjaStephensonWatson   University of Texas, ArlingtonArlingtonTX76019-9800USA2017Latin American StudiesAwards for FacultyResearch Programs50400084000

Preparation of a book-length study of the musical genre reggae en español and national and black identity in Panama, 1970s to the present.

Research on Panama has primarily focused on the Canal and the United States’ relationship to the construction of the “eighth wonder of the modern world.” The Canal brought to Panama not only international recognition but also thousands of black English-speaking laborers from Jamaica and Barbados. West Indian workers labored on the Canal, made Panama their permanent home, and in turn transformed the ethnic, racial, and linguistic composition of the nation. This project inserts black West Indian heritage into the Panamanian nation-state by analyzing the emergence and continuing influence of a black musical genre (reggae en español) as emblematic of national identity in Panama. Specifically, it interrogates Panamanian reggae en español artists’ engagement with the Panamanian nation-state and their articulation of national and black identity in a nation with a long history of exclusion of blacks.

HB-257369-18Research Programs: Awards for FacultyLeena DallashehContested Citizenship: Nazareth’s Palestinians in the Transition from British Mandate to Israel, 1940-1966 5/1/2018 - 12/31/2018$33,600.00Leena Dallasheh   Cal Poly Humboldt Sponsored Programs FoundationArcataCA95521-8222USA2017Near and Middle Eastern HistoryAwards for FacultyResearch Programs336000336000

A book that chronicles the political history of the city of Nazareth, Israel’s only all-Arab city, from the 1940s through the 1960s.

I will complete a book manuscript tracing Palestinian local politics and identity formation in British-ruled Palestine and in Israel as two parts of a single story of transition, thus bridging the historiographic rupture of 1948. It focuses on Nazareth, a Palestinian city that was already an important center during the Mandate and became Israel’s only all-Arab city and primary urban center for its Palestinian citizens. Drawing on archival research in Arabic, Hebrew, and English-language sources, I show how Palestinians built on strategies they developed during the Mandate to assert their collective rights as a national group within Israel. I study the interactions between local politics and the colonial state in the context of global decolonization in the mid-20th century, highlighting how Palestinian political strategies were shaped by the realities of colonialism: both colonial states’ policies and Palestinians’ understanding of their political possibilities as a colonized group.

HB-257540-18Research Programs: Awards for FacultyMargaret D. GarberThe Literary Transformation of Alchemy, Chemistry, and Medicine in an Early European Scientific Journal 1/1/2019 - 12/31/2019$50,400.00MargaretD.Garber   California State University, FullertonFullertonCA92831-3599USA2017History of ScienceAwards for FacultyResearch Programs504000504000

A book about the first journal of science of the 17th- and 18th-century Habsburg Empire.

“Domesticating Curiosities” is a book project that examines the first journal of science, in the Habsburg Empire, The Miscellany of Curiosities, produced by the understudied Academy of Curiosi. The project explains how this journal transformed the human interest in natural curiosities into standardized experimental science. While much literature on French and English luminaries of early science exists, this project will support the first long-term study on the Academy of Curiosi. It proposes to show how this vast Continental network of local, regional and court physicians, who claimed alchemical and medical expertise, played a crucial role in establishing the sciences of chemistry and chemical medicine in the German territories. In exploring the historical roots of emerging experimental fields of chemical sciences the project offers an illuminating case study about how the transformative potential of this new literary genre shaped the relationship between humans and the natural world.

HB-257679-18Research Programs: Awards for FacultyCharissa Joy ThreatRace, Gender, and African American Pin-up Girls during World War II 7/1/2019 - 12/31/2019$25,200.00CharissaJoyThreat   Chapman UniversityOrangeCA92866-1011USA2017U.S. HistoryAwards for FacultyResearch Programs252000252000

Research and writing of a scholarly article about efforts to collect pin-up photographs of African American women and distribute them to African American soldiers during World War II.

Searching for Colored Pin-Up Girls explores the campaigns to collect images of African American women during World War II. It seeks to understand how African Americans experienced and understood the meaning and expectations of wartime service beyond the battle lines. The most simplistic interpretation of this pin-up campaign would be that women used their images to engage in a sort of "patriotic sexuality" but there is more to it than just providing soldiers with their "own beauties to admire." This project illuminates issues that include race relations, the obligations of citizenship and military service, and sexuality in the mid-twentieth century. The act of posing for pin-ups or participating in pin-up activities was about the politics of black manhood and respectability. It was about the black female body and black sexuality, and it spoke to and about the concerns and realities of race mixing during a war fought on behalf of freedom, equality, and social justice.

HB-257685-18Research Programs: Awards for FacultyJulia Ornelas-HigdonRace, Labor, and the Industrialization of California Wine, 1769-19209/1/2018 - 6/30/2019$42,000.00Julia Ornelas-Higdon   California State University, Channel IslandsCamarilloCA93012-8599USA2017U.S. HistoryAwards for FacultyResearch Programs420000420000

A book-length study of the history of winemaking in California from 1769 to 1920 with emphasis on labor relations during the Spanish colonial, Mexican national, and U.S. eras.

The Grapes of Conquest: Race, Labor, and the Industrialization of California Wine 1769-1920 examines the evolution of winegrowing across Spanish, Mexican, and American California and argues that the wine industry operated as a nexus of conquest, racialization, and citizenship formation throughout the 19th century. This study examines the interactions between the diverse groups who built the industry to demonstrate how wine served as an exemplar of racial exclusion, land ownership, and power. Franciscan missionaries, Californios, Indians, Mexicans, Germans, and Chinese came together in vineyards and wineries to reshape racial and class hierarchies. I contend that wine served as the economic engine for trade and agribusiness. Previous scholarship identifies the citrus industry as the birth of modern agribusiness in California; I argue that the labor and environmental needs of the wine industry laid the foundation for specialized industrial agriculture in twentieth-century California.

HB-257740-18Research Programs: Awards for FacultyValerian Three IronsOnline Database of Mandan, a Native American Language 6/1/2018 - 5/31/2019$50,400.00Valerian Three Irons   Nueta Hidatsa Sahnish CollegeNew TownND58763-0490USA2017Native American StudiesAwards for FacultyResearch Programs504000504000

The collection of multimedia materials and creation of an open-access online archive of the Native American language Mandan.

This one-year research project will gather all extant video, audio and textual documentation of the Mandan language from a number of archives in the United States for the purpose of creating a comprehensive, online database, Mandan Community Archives, which will be a vital language resource freely accessible to the public. My work will also consist of creating a list of unrecorded words in Mandan to be added to the Mandan Community Archives.

HB-257867-18Research Programs: Awards for FacultyAndras KiseryForming English Literature in the Early Modern World 9/1/2018 - 8/31/2019$50,400.00Andras Kisery   CUNY Research Foundation, City CollegeNew YorkNY10031-9101USA2017British LiteratureAwards for FacultyResearch Programs504000504000

Research and writing leading to publication of a book on the dissemination and consumption of English literature in and beyond England during the 16th to 18th centuries.

My monograph is a study of the changing idea of English literature between the late 16th and the late 18th centuries, through the lens of the production and distribution of books and of information about books across Britain, England's colonies, and Europe. The project is based on the recognition that a reading public and its experience are shaped by where and how, through what networks of agents and what mechanisms of transmission they access their books. My aim is therefore to reveal how urban and national, colonial and international geographies impacted the mediation and perception of English literature in the key period when England rose from the cultural periphery of Europe to global significance, when literature separated from other fields of learning, and recreational reading became the repository of aesthetic value and national identity. I am requesting support for researching and drafting the second half of this project.

HB-258040-18Research Programs: Awards for FacultyJennifer D. WilliamsGender, Segregation, and Urban Life in Literature by African American Women 8/1/2018 - 7/31/2019$50,400.00JenniferD.Williams   Morgan State UniversityBaltimoreMD21251-0001USA2017American LiteratureAwards for FacultyResearch Programs504000504000

Research and writing leading to publication of a book on urban literature written by African American women between the Great Depression and the civil rights era.

Intimate Cities examines urban literature after the Great Depression and before the civil rights movement in order to demonstrate the ways that black women’s imaginative claims to the city betray a longing for freedom and full access to American citizenship. Black women’s urban narratives complicate spatial divisions, such as those between home and the street or spaces of privacy and sociality. Indeed, the negotiation of urban space charted in black women’s literary and cultural texts displays a dynamic interplay among bodies, structures, and technologies. Many literary studies of American cities rest on urban crisis discourses that highlight men’s struggles to find employment, feelings of isolation, and incidents of violence and criminality. Intimate Cities refocuses the masculine, crisis centered gaze toward everyday practices of living. It also broadens the parameters of “the city” to incorporate public as well as domestic spaces.

HB-258191-18Research Programs: Awards for FacultyCatherine KomisarukGender, Migration, and Native Uprisings in New Spain, 1519-1821 7/1/2018 - 6/30/2019$50,400.00Catherine Komisaruk   University of Texas, San AntonioSan AntonioTX78249-1644USA2017Latin American HistoryAwards for FacultyResearch Programs504000504000

A book that examines native uprisings and political activism in Mexico and Guatemala from the 16th to the 19th centuries.

This book project takes a new approach to the history of native communities in Mexico and Guatemala during the colonial era (ca. 1519-1821). Foregrounding gender, the analysis uncovers previously unrecognized patterns in native labor, migration, and legal and political activism. It shows that colonial demands and changing demographics transformed migration patterns as well as native family structures across the centuries of Spanish rule. Indigenous individuals confronted these changes with strategies that varied by gender. Yet both men and women often sought to preserve families, ethnic affiliations, and forms of native sovereignty. For scholars and college students, the book will deepen knowledge about the survival of native societies in the Americas and in the larger Atlantic World. The project also speaks to broader current concerns, as it demonstrates colonial-era origins of today’s migrations across cultural and national borders.

HB-258195-18Research Programs: Awards for FacultyRobert Lawrence GunnLiterature, Timekeeping, and the Production of Space in Early Western North America6/1/2018 - 5/31/2019$50,400.00RobertLawrenceGunn   University of Texas, El PasoEl PasoTX79968-8900USA2017American LiteratureAwards for FacultyResearch Programs504000504000

Research and writing leading to publication of a book on how European and Native inhabitants of the American West kept track of time during the 17th to 19th centuries.

In case studies spanning from the 17th to the 19th centuries, American Horologics examines the relationship of multiple time-keeping practices to literary and storytelling form in the context of a shifting tableau of encounter and conflict between Indigenous, Spanish, Mexican, and U.S. peoples in the western North American borderlands. Throughout, I argue that changing technologies of time-keeping and differing standards of temporal experience organized competing regional conceptions of western spaces and of the peoples who inhabited them. While scholars have explored the social, economic, and cultural transformation that the standardization of time and synchronized time-keeping brought about in the latter half of the 19th Century, little attention has been paid to local, culturally-specific forms of nonstandardized time orientation and their relation to imaginary projections of national space across the contested geographies of the American west prior to the U.S./Mexico War.

HB-258214-18Research Programs: Awards for FacultyIrfana Mohayuddin HashmiThe Cosmopolitan World of Learning at al-Azhar, an Islamic School in Cairo, 14th to 17th Centuries 6/1/2018 - 5/31/2019$50,400.00IrfanaMohayuddinHashmi   Whittier CollegeWhittierCA90601-4446USA2017Near and Middle Eastern HistoryAwards for FacultyResearch Programs504000504000

A book investigating the social practices and material culture at al-Azhar, an Islamic center of learning in Cairo, from the 14th to the 17th centuries.

Founded in 972 in Cairo, al-Azhar is the leading religious authority for Sunni Islam. My book is a cultural biography of al-Azhar from the fourteenth to the seventeenth centuries, a formative 250-year period, which straddles Egypt’s Mamluk and Ottoman eras. It investigates the complex interplay between the social structures and material culture that scaffolded Islamic learning at al-Azhar (from the rise of fraternities to lockers) and the social practices performed by people in day-to-day life that gave structure and meaning to its rich landscape. Scholarly consensus asserts that al-Azhar rose in prominence as an Islamic center of learning in the sixteenth century. The project reformulates the problématique of al-Azhar’s rise into an investigation of the transition of the Arab provinces to Ottoman rule, specifically the effect of the new administration on educational institutions. It combines sources in Arabic and Ottoman Turkish, including untapped Ottoman court records.

HB-262224-19Research Programs: Awards for FacultyKatie KapurchBlackbird Singing: A Cultural History of African-American Musical Conversations with the Beatles1/1/2020 - 12/31/2020$60,000.00Katie Kapurch   Texas State University - San MarcosSan MarcosTX78666-4684USA2018Media StudiesAwards for FacultyResearch Programs600000600000

Research and writing leading to publication of a book about African American reception of the Beatles, from the late 1960s to the present.

Blackbird Singing: Black America Remixes the Beatles presents a cultural history of African-Americans’ musical conversations with the Beatles from the late 1960s to today. To date, no academic or trade book has offered a comprehensive view of this particular interracial dialogue, which informs the story of American popular music, especially mid-twentieth century rock ‘n’ roll, and, broadly, the study of American culture. My historically situated close readings show how black artists are simultaneously listeners and creators, because ignoring their roles as audiences in the global economy of the music marketplace marginalizes them in the cultural history of American popular song. Blackbird Singing is also unique in its transdisciplinary and multi-genre investigation of American music from the 1960s to today, which makes the monograph relevant to diverse and multigenerational readers in the reading public, as well as scholars and students of culture, music, and history.

HB-262280-19Research Programs: Awards for FacultyDeanna KoretskyBritish Literature, Suicide, and the Bounds of Liberalism in the Romantic Era1/1/2019 - 6/30/2019$30,000.00Deanna Koretsky   Spelman CollegeAtlantaGA30314-4399USA2018British LiteratureAwards for FacultyResearch Programs300000300000

Completion of a book-length project on political and literary relationships between British Romanticism, suicide, the transatlantic slave trade.

This monograph traces the racialized antecedents of a well-known figure in British Romantic literature, the melancholy genius who dies by suicide. The project demonstrates how Romantic-era writers also used the idea of suicide to interrogate the roots of racial inequality based in liberal political philosophies. Individual chapters investigate the period's notions of property, personhood, citizenship, and sympathy in works by canonical and lesser-known writers of African and European descent, including Thomas Day and John Bicknell, Olaudah Equiano, Mary and Percy Shelley, William Wordsworth, William Wells Brown, and James Williams. This will be the first monograph focused on the Romantic period within a growing bibliography on the history of suicide and its role in political discourses.

HB-262298-19Research Programs: Awards for FacultyAnna Insolio CorwinHolding the Hand of God: ‘Successful Aging’ in A Catholic Convent6/1/2019 - 1/31/2020$40,000.00AnnaInsolioCorwin   St. Mary's College of CaliforniaMoragaCA94575-2715USA2018AnthropologyAwards for FacultyResearch Programs400000400000

Writing of a study of Catholic nuns as they confront issues related to aging and the end of life.

Epidemiological research has found that Catholic nuns experience greater physical and psychological health outcomes than their peers. Nuns not only experience longer lives than their contemporaries, they also experience greater physical health and psychological health outcomes as they age. The proposed book focuses on the everyday lives of nuns to explore how prayer and social support shape the nuns’ experiences of aging, uncovering how everyday social interactions shape how these exemplars of ‘successful aging’ approach pain, illness, and the process of growing older. Through linguistic analysis of social interactions in the convent, the research illuminates how the nuns’ interactions with the divine and with each other promote the physical and psychological health benefits they experience as they age, ultimately finding that the nuns uphold a model of aging that encourages an acceptance of decline, and an ideology of aging that contrasts with the successful aging paradigm.

HB-262377-19Research Programs: Awards for FacultyPeter A. KoppHorticulturalist Fabián García (1817-1947) and the Modernization of Agriculture along the US-Mexican Border6/1/2020 - 7/10/2021$50,000.00PeterA.Kopp   New Mexico State UniversityLas CrucesNM88003-8002USA2018History of ScienceAwards for FacultyResearch Programs500000500000

Research and writing a biography of Fabián Garcia (1871-1947), a horticulturalist and instructor at New Mexico State University.

I am writing a book on Fabián García (1871-1947), a horticulturist whose work transformed the U.S.-Mexico borderlands, and, indeed, the world, by introducing new commercial crops to consumers. García was born in Chihuahua, Mexico, but immigrated to New Mexico and became a U.S. citizen just before attending college and beginning his career as a professional horticulturist. He earned fame for hybridizing a relatively mild and easily canned chile pepper that launched a global chile industry. Yet, his life and legacy extends beyond this one plant. By writing this book for a general audience, my aim is to highlight a variety of historical issues that are relevant to the world we live in today. I want to connect foods we eat to their agricultural origins, while also demonstrating the ways that ethnicity, race, and racism frame these stories. In an era of unprecedented global warming, the book will also consider historically how horticulturists help desert-dwellers adapt to aridity.

HB-262532-19Research Programs: Awards for FacultyElaine FlemingWomen of Leech Lake Nation Stories: Historical Trauma and Colonization1/1/2019 - 12/31/2019$60,000.00Elaine Fleming   Leech Lake Tribal CollegeCass LakeMN56633-3115USA2018Native American StudiesAwards for FacultyResearch Programs600000600000

Collection and publication of historical narratives by Ojibwe women of the Leech Lake Nation in northern Minnesota.

This project proposes to address gaps in historical literature regarding the Leech Lake Nation in northern Minnesota. Little has been written about the Nation's history, and the impact of historical events on Leech Lake Nation's land, people, and culture. The project will create a book relating historical events and stories from families impacted by those events as recounted through the eyes of Ojibwe women, the keepers of the family's health and well being. The book will be written in the style of traditional Ojibwe storytelling and used to increase understanding of the changing historical role of Ojibwe women; the effect of historic trauma and its subsequent symptoms of loss on indigenous people; and to enhance education.

HB-262738-19Research Programs: Awards for FacultySandra ZalmanMonuments to Modernism: Museums of Modern Art and the Contest for Cultural Space7/1/2019 - 6/30/2020$60,000.00Sandra Zalman   University Of HoustonHoustonTX77204-3067USA2018Art History and CriticismAwards for FacultyResearch Programs600000600000

Preparation for publication of a book about the relationship between four museums in New York City—the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, the Museum of Modern Art, the Gallery of Modern Art and the Whitney Museum of American Art—that shaped debates about modernism from 1959 to 1966.

In 1961, Art in America's special issue posed the question "What Should a Museum Be?" As arts administrators grappled with the role of the museum in contemporary life, they increasingly turned to design to make the case that museums were no longer repositories of venerated objects, but sites of cultural discourse. My book project analyzes how four prominent museums in New York City negotiated this increasingly politicized terrain, as they marshaled innovative architecture to forge competing versions of modern art for public consumption between 1959 and 1966. With chapters focusing on the Guggenheim Museum, the Museum of Modern Art, the Gallery of Modern Art and the Whitney Museum of American Art, I investigate how museums expanded their visibility in the urban fabric while historicizing recent art – not as esoteric or obscure, but as a tool that had the potential to advance cultural agendas amidst the socio-political turmoil of the 1950 and 60s.

HB-262749-19Research Programs: Awards for FacultyYiman WangCross-Media World in a Segregationist Era: Chinese-American Actress Anna May Wong (1905-1961)7/1/2019 - 6/30/2020$60,000.00Yiman Wang   Regents of the University of California, Santa CruzSanta CruzCA95064-1077USA2018Film History and CriticismAwards for FacultyResearch Programs600000600000

Preparation for publication of an open access digital publication about Chinese-American actress Anna May Wong (1905-1961).

This is the first book-length study to focus on the cross-media performances of Anna May Wong—a pioneering Chinese-American actress who forged a transnational career prior to the Civil Rights Movement. Grounded in my eight-year multi-continental archival research, this book answers a pressing question: how might a marginalized ethnic performer, despite her precarious citizenship status due to the 1882 Chinese Exclusion Act, instigate a race-gender-informed rethinking of Euro-American film/media history, and resist social injustices through performances and audience engagement? Foregrounding Wong’s perseverant labor as an actress and an anti-Fascist activist, this book retools glamor-based star studies as performer-worker studies to illuminate contributions rendered by women, minorities and all those considered “minor” players in dominant media and society. This book speaks to humanities and social sciences engagement with (post)coloniality, citizenship, precarious labor, and agency.

HB-262811-19Research Programs: Awards for FacultyCourtnay MicotsKakaamotobe: The 20th-Century History and Culture of Fancy Dress Carnival in Ghana1/1/2019 - 7/31/2019$25,000.00Courtnay Micots   Florida A&M UniversityTallahasseeFL32307-3102USA2018Art History and CriticismAwards for FacultyResearch Programs250000250000

Research and writing leading to publication of a book about the history and culture of Kakaamotobe, a West African carnival, from 1899 to the present.

Kakaamotobe, or Fancy Dress, is a lively carnival that has been performed in southern Ghana, West Africa, for more than a century, yet few scholars have analyzed this vibrant and engaging art form. The purpose of this project is to complete the first book on West African carnival. Fancy Dress is significant as an art form that blends local and foreign performance traditions to express public commentary on pop culture; social and cultural mores; and local, national and international politics and economy. A vital creative expression of the lower classes, the carnival is both comedic entertainment and a necessary regenerative force in Ghanaian culture. I will combine extensive field research gathered over nine years with secondary sources in art history, history, culture and politics in order to situate this artistic practice across Ghana and in comparison with other Black Atlantic carnivalesque traditions.

HB-262907-19Research Programs: Awards for FacultySandra M. DeutschEngendering Antifascism: The Argentine Victory Board in Transnational and Comparative Perspective, 1930-19461/1/2019 - 12/31/2019$60,000.00SandraM.Deutsch   University of Texas, El PasoEl PasoTX79968-8900USA2018Latin American HistoryAwards for FacultyResearch Programs600000600000

A book-length study about the Victory Board, a pro-democracy women's organization in Argentina during World War II.

My book project on the Victory Board (1941-1946) is a case study of how disenfranchised women spread democracy, united and energized diverse people, and engendered their project. This anti-fascist women's group defied the Axis-leaning Argentine government by making goods for Allied armies in World War II. Combining support for democracy and women's rights, the Board was the largest women's political association before suffrage. It adapted European ideas to the local setting and organized the grassroots throughout the nation against fascism at home and overseas. The Board's collaboration with similar groups across borders facilitated aid and galvanized members. Women were vital for mobilizing anti-fascism and anti-fascism was vital for mobilizing women, in Argentina and perhaps elsewhere, a gendered dimension that scholars have often disregarded. I would use this grant to write the first book on the Board, one which will transform our understanding of global and women's anti-fascisms.

HB-263082-19Research Programs: Awards for FacultyNathaniel Enon CadleAmerican Literature, the Romantic Revival, and the Rise of Modernism7/1/2019 - 6/30/2020$60,000.00NathanielEnonCadle   Florida International University Board of TrusteesMiamiFL33199-2516USA2018American LiteratureAwards for FacultyResearch Programs600000600000

Preparation for publication of a book about the relationship between U.S. literary modernism and the Romantic Revival (c. 1880-1920), with consideration of works by Edith Wharton, Henry James, and W.E.B. Du Bois.

At the end of the nineteenth century, an unexpected resurgence of widespread interest in supposedly old-fashioned romantic fiction occurred. Historical, sensational, sentimental, and utopian romances suddenly displaced realistic novels in popular magazines and on bestseller lists. Critics have long dismissed this “Romantic Revival,” yet several important authors, including Edith Wharton, Henry James, and W.E.B. Du Bois, embraced it, using the distant settings and fantastic plots of these various genres in innovative ways. My project surveys the Romantic Revival as an important literary movement that enabled particularly skillful writers to push the boundaries of their fiction and move beyond the empiricism of Realism into the uncertainties of Modernism. In short, I argue that the Romantic Revival played a significant role in the emergence of Modernism in the United States.

HB-263188-19Research Programs: Awards for FacultyJody Arthur BenjaminThe Texture of Change; Cloth, Commerce and History in Western Africa, 1700-18501/1/2020 - 6/30/2020$30,000.00JodyArthurBenjamin   Regents of the University of California, RiversideRiversideCA92521-0001USA2018African HistoryAwards for FacultyResearch Programs300000300000

A book-length study about the history of textile commerce and consumption in western Africa during the 18th and 19th centuries.

The Texture of Change re-examines social and economic change of the 18th and early 19th centuries across a broad region of western Africa from Senegal to Sierra Leone through its history of textile commerce and consumption. Historiographical debates for this region have obscured full consideration of the multiple ways west African societies engaged global exchange beyond Atlantic slaving. This research illuminates Africans’ varied engagements with a major trade that was effectively global in scale. It argues that they were critical actors during this period of global integration — contributing in their own right to the birth of the modern era. Far from being driven solely by external demands for labor or raw commodities, this process was heavily influenced by local conditions and patterns of social and market relations. This study offers insights into a diverse array of historical actors across ethnic, religious and imperial lines in western Africa.

HB-263199-19Research Programs: Awards for FacultyLaurie Avant WoodardA Real Negro Girl: Fredi Washington and the Politics of Performance during the New Negro Renaissance.9/1/2019 - 8/31/2020$60,000.00LaurieAvantWoodard   CUNY Research Foundation, City CollegeNew YorkNY10031-9101USA2018African American HistoryAwards for FacultyResearch Programs600000600000

Research and writing a biography of Fredi Washington (1903-1994), a civil rights activist and a performing artist active in the Harlem Renaissance.

Focusing upon the life and career of performing artist and civil rights activist Fredi Washington, this project places an African American female performing artist at the center of the narrative of the New Negro Renaissance; illuminates the vital influence of performing artists on the movement; and demonstrates the ways in which Washington and the New Negro Renaissance are central components of the long civil rights narrative and our understanding of the African American quest for civil and human rights. The manuscript will consist of six chapters and a prologue and epilogue.

HB-263332-19Research Programs: Awards for FacultyKrista Margaret JohnsonThe End of Exceptionalism: African Americans Theorizing Race and Imperialism in South Africa and Beyond5/1/2019 - 12/31/2019$40,000.00KristaMargaretJohnson   Howard UniversityWashingtonDC20059-0001USA2018African StudiesAwards for FacultyResearch Programs400000400000

A book-length study about the South African writings of Ralph Bunche (1904-1971) and Merze Tate (1905-1996), two major figures of African American intellectual life in the 20th century.

This research project will provide a transnational account of South Africa's racialized history, as observed and theorized by two African American scholars, Ralph Bunche and Merze Tate. The aim is to produce a book manuscript that uncovers, historicizes, and contextualizes Bunche and Tate’s theoretical thinking on the international system, and how their South Africa research was both informed by and informed their broader intellectual framework. I will explore the concept of transnational white supremacy, or a ‘global color line’, and theories of race in the international system that reframe South African and International Studies in transnational, not comparative contexts. I also aim to re-introduce the work of Bunche and Tate to the field of South African and African Studies by situating their research among a recent body of literature that argues against the exceptionalism of South Africa’s institutions and politics.

HB-263378-19Research Programs: Awards for FacultyShelley Elaine RoffTreasure of the City: The Public Sphere and Civic Urbanism in Late Medieval Barcelona1/1/2019 - 12/31/2019$60,000.00ShelleyElaineRoff   University of Texas, San AntonioSan AntonioTX78249-1644USA2018ArchitectureAwards for FacultyResearch Programs600000600000

A book-length study of architecture, urban development, and the emerging public sphere in Barcelona between 1350 and 1450 CE.

Treasure of the City is a book-length study that illustrates the transformative role the construction of public works, monuments and urban spaces played in the crystallization of municipal power and an emerging public sphere in late medieval Barcelona. The nascent city council’s quest for the right to tax trade as a form of income to fund public construction required negotiation with aristocratic and religious authorities, a dynamic and contentious conversation that led to the municipal government’s empowerment and to a commercial revolution in the city.

HB-267428-20Research Programs: Awards for FacultyKristina Lynn RichardsonStranger Studies: 'Gypsies' and Race-Making in the Premodern Middle East2/1/2020 - 1/31/2021$60,000.00KristinaLynnRichardson   University of VirginiaFlushingNY11367-1575USA2019Near and Middle Eastern HistoryAwards for FacultyResearch Programs600000600000

Research and writing leading to a book about Roma language and culture in the premodern Middle East.

Historians of the Roma (Gypsies) work under the assumption that the earliest written records about their subject were produced by fifteenth-century non-Roma in Europe and the Ottoman Empire. My recent work identifies the classical Arabic term for Roma and Roma-affiliated wandering groups as Strangers (ghuraba') and uses this ethnonym as an entry into the reconstruction of the community’s medieval languages and its material and intellectual cultures. This new transhistorical and transregional discipline—which I call Stranger Studies—will generate a full reimagination of the make-up of Central Asian, Middle Eastern, North African, and European societies.

HB-267485-20Research Programs: Awards for FacultyElizabeth S. ManleyImagining the Tropics: Women, the Professionalization of Caribbean Tourism, and the Conjuring of Island Fantasy, 1890 - 19809/1/2020 - 8/31/2021$55,000.00ElizabethS.Manley   Xavier University of LouisianaNew OrleansLA70125-1056USA2019Women's HistoryAwards for FacultyResearch Programs550000550000

Research and writing leading to a book on women’s role in the development of the Caribbean tourism industry during the 20th century.

I am applying for a 12-month award (full funding for summer 2020 and spring 2021 and three-fourths funding for fall 2020) to complete the final three chapters of a proposed book entitled Imagining the Tropics: Women, the Professionalization of Caribbean Tourism, and the Conjuring of Island Fantasy 1890 – 1980. The book addresses women’s roles in Caribbean tourism development across the twentieth century. The award will facilitate the second stage of the project, including completion of research (3 months) and writing (9 months). While often neglected in the historical narrative, my research reveals that women were crucial to the development of Caribbean tourism. Imagining the Tropics complicates a history that views modern tourism as a predominantly male-constructed fantasy, clarifies the mechanisms that built Caribbean visions of tropical escape, and frames a regional approach that highlights the incredible impact of women – Caribbean and otherwise – on this ever-expanding industry.